Women are at high risk of getting urinary tract infections because they have to the shorter ureter than men. Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria or fungi get into the urinary tract and spread to other vital organs of the urinary system. E. coli (Escherichia coli), is the main cause of UTI. Urinary tract infection can spread to the bladder and kidney. Thus infection spreads from lower urinary tract to upper urinary tract and this could be life-threatening(deadly) if left untreated.
There are two types of UTI: upper urinary tract infection and lower urinary tract infection. With the upper urinary tract infection occurs in the ureters and kidney whiles the lower urinary tract infection occurs in the bladder and urethra.
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Frequent urination
- Abdominal pains or pelvic pains
- Dark smelly urine or bloody urine
The use of antibiotics clears up infections. Sample of urine would be collected and tested to check for the presence of bacteria. The doctor will prescribe suitable antibiotics after laboratory test shows the exact cause of infection.
Infections are likely to reoccur. Women who have reoccurring within three to six months should tell their doctor about it. The doctor might do a test to check out for the main cause and provide a suitable dosage for treatment.
Also, patients taking antibiotic drugs should try and complete the treatment by finishing all the medications even when they feel better.
- Clean genitals before and after sexual intercourse
- Urinating immediately after having sex
- Drinking enough water and urinating to flush out the bacteria
- Changing menstrual pads regularly avoid the use of tapoons
- Avoid multiple sexual partners
- Avoid wearing G-strings because of the threadlike nature it transports bacterial from the anus to the vagina this could result into UTI or candidiasis.
- Avoid douching, highly scented feminine hygiene wash and sprays
- Wipe from front to back with neat tissues not paper
- Wear cotton underwear to keep the genitals dry
- Avoid wearing nylon or silky underwear they produce moist breeding bacterial for infections.
UTI can affect humans of all ages range but some people are at high risk, they are:
Patients with Kidney Stone
The large stones are formed in the kidney may block urine between the kidney and bladder. Retention of urine causes UTI.
Patients who have worn or wearing catheter
Catheter is a thin hollow tube placed in the bladder through the urethra to drain urine for patients who cannot urinate. Bacterial grow on the tube placed in the bladder or the enlargement of the opening after placement of catheter exposes urinary tract to infections.
Pregnant women are at high risk of UTI due to change in the hormonal level, therefore, infection during this period can spread to the kidney and cause other health problems during pregnancy.
High glucose in the body provides suitable condition for breeding bacteria and fungi. The presence of glucose in the body renders the immune system liability to infection.
During menopause, low estrogen level causes dryness and thinness of the vagina tissues making it easier for bacteria to grow.
UTI is one of the diseases on the rise in the world, therefore individuals should see their doctor when experiencing any of the above symptoms.