International donors and the broader humanitarian community must take immediate action to address widespread shortages of essential medicines in South Sudan, the international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) warned today in an open letter from MSF international president Dr. Joanne Liu.
“The conflict in South Sudan has now continued for over two years, heavily impacting its population,” writes Dr. Liu, calling the worsening drug shortages “an additional and preventable medical emergency.”
Until June 2015, international donors provided for the funding, procurement and provision of essential medicines in South Sudan through a mechanism called the Emergency Medicines Fund (EMF). Although MSF warned that withdrawing this support would lead to a dramatic reduction in access to health care, donors decided not to renew the mechanism without implementing an adequate alternative.
MSF now witnesses shortages of medicines in primary health care centres in a majority of the locations where the organisation works in South Sudan, even in places less affected by conflict. The medical consequences became evident last year when MSF treated more patients than ever before for severe malaria, Dr. Liu wrote. Many sought treatment from MSF after becoming extremely sick because of the lack of access to medicine at the local level.
Specifically MSF has witnessed:
More patients than ever before for severe malaria at our clinics, as people are forced to travel long distances to reach our clinics due to a lack of drugs locally; In the North West of the country, around Aweil 35 out of the 42 health centres visited by MSF recently were compromised — 12 closed completely, 23 experienced intermittent closures due to shortages. In the South West of the country, in Ezo and Mundri, every medical facility MSF witnessed experienced drug shortages or ruptures. Around the town of Pibor, in Jonglei, health centres across the entire region had been closed due to staff and drug shortages, and MSF's medical centre was looted in February.
Hundreds of thousands of people remain displaced by conflict in South Sudan, and the drug shortages are compounding the humanitarian needs. Recent years have been marked by major outbreaks of disease, including malaria and waterborne illnesses, putting thousands of lives at risk. Even prior to the outbreak of hostilities in December 2013, most health care in the country was provided by aid organisations.
“A new rainy season is approaching fast, promising new outbreaks as well as complicated logistics,” Dr. Liu wrote. “It is not a situation that one actor can resolve on their own, but concerted efforts seem to be lacking. We are therefore calling upon all donors, actors and authorities again to come together to avert a complete medical crisis which adds to an already dire humanitarian situation.”