11.02.2019 Feature Article

Why President Sisi’s AU Chairmanship is a mockery of democracy in Africa

Egypt's President, Abdel Fattah el-SisiEgypt's President, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
11.02.2019 LISTEN

Egypt's President, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been elected chairman of the African Union at the continental body's summit in Ethiopia. African Union chairmanship is given to the leader of a country every year through elections. Even though they do not have great authority, being elected as term chairman of the AU has symbolic value and by all means the character and record of President el-Sisi after being in office for over five years is one which should not be rewarded with a continental mandate.

Al-Sisi effectively took power in a coup d'état July 2013 and became president in June 2014. His flagrant disregard for human rights has led the country into its worst rights and political crisis in decades. Rights organizations, including Human Rights Watch, have documented a host of serious abuses by the police and National Security Agency (NSA), the leading internal security force under the Interior Ministry, including routine and widespread torture of detainees.

The below record of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi disqualifies him from leading the continental body, African Union.

Crackdown on Independent Groups:
Egypt has carried out a crackdown almost unparalleled in Egypt's history on nongovernmental organizations and activists during al-Sisi's tenure. In June 2017 President Sisi signed into law an NGO bill which effectively banned domestic and foreign groups from engaging in political activities or anything that would harm his Sisi's presidency. Most leading rights organizations and activists have since been under continuous threat of imprisonment in protracted prosecutions in the so-called “foreign funding case.”

Al-Sisi has justified closing the political space in Egypt by claiming he needs to prioritize economic reform. But solid economic reform cannot succeed without freedom for workers to mobilize and actively participate in the political discourse in their country.

Disappearances, Torture, Police Impunity
Since al-Sisi took power in 2013, the authorities have reconstituted and expanded the repressive instruments that defined the pre-2011 uprising era. Enforced disappearances, mistreatment in prisons, widespread torture, and probable extrajudicial killings notably increased after March 2015, when al-Sisi appointed Interior Minister Magdy Abd al-Ghaffar.

Human Rights Watch has documented the systematic use of torture by the Egyptian police and National Security officers to force detainees to confess or divulge information, or as punishment. Only a handful of the hundreds of torture cases since 2013 have resulted in prosecutions, and few of those ended with convictions.

No single official or member of the security forces was investigated or prosecuted nearly five years after the mass killings of the largely peaceful protesters in the Rab'a Square in Cairo, where supporters of former President Mohamed Morsy gathered for weeks. At least 817 protesters were killed in one day, most likely a crime against humanity.

Political Prisoners and Jailed Journalists, Persecution of Minorities
Under al-Sisi's government, the number of detained peaceful dissidents has grown to the tens of thousands. At least 20 journalists are currently in detention.

The abusive atmosphere during al-Sisi's presidency has been coupled with special concerns for the rights of minorities. Coptic Christians, an estimated 10 percent of the Egyptian population and historically a target of widespread legal and social discrimination, have been the victims of increasing sectarian attacks since al-Sisi rose to power. In a number of cases, Human Rights Watch has documented that Interior Ministry officials and prosecutors did not properly investigate or bring charges for these attacks.

Sisi's lust for power as well as his abusive autocratic policies should not become 'the new normal” in Africa. His AU chairmanship is a mockery of democracy and a clear manifestation of what the continental body has become- a banquet of disengaged leaders who gather annually to drink away their failures at home.

By Gideon Sarpong | [email protected]