§ 1. INTRODUCTION
Wars are seen as a disgrace to the human race and its maker. The rates at which innocent people who have nothing to do with the war become involved and their lives torn upside down, also tell us that it is not a thing Humans beings should allow to continue to prevail despite the fact that its patrons make profit out of them. It is this knowledge of the consequences of war, which continue to sound the bell that war has no future in the civilised world. But for the naive as well as the religious fanatics, it is going to take sometime unless education and the prevention of deliberate manipulation to engineer wars are embarked upon. Certain organisations and interest groups would see to it that the attempts to stop war are thwarted. As people make efforts to prevent them from happening, these patrons are going to look for other ways whereby these wars that take the lives of the born as well as the unborn would come. For them, the ceasing of war means the curtailment of their sources of daily bread and income, therefore, research or any means where these could occur will be exploited.
§ 2. DEFINITION
Hollywood wars can be defined as propaganda wars whereby two nations either rival or neighbours pretend to be at war in order to deceive the weak, naive, religious fanatics, the stupid to also engage in war in order to intensify the purchase or sales of arms of these War patrons. They are fake wars that are engineered by interest groups or self-made superpowers to call attention to the purchase of war weapons which are in abundance. Weapon production are a source of income to War patrons, but their mass production has to encouraged in order to offer jobs and income to the numerous people that live on these industries. It is therefore imperative for War patrons to find different ways and means to stimulate the weak in society to patronise these products otherwise it could lead to the stagnation of those industries that depend on these war weapons for their livelihood.
Hollywood wars are asserted to be the wars that will dominate the future world. Because of the increase in developments and the awareness gained by the Third World inhabitants, which make them to enjoy more civilised lifestyles as the developed world, they see no need to commit their resources and manpower into these useless ventures which suck their overall energies and capital in the world. It is about the awareness of the War patrons' (War Ancestors/Fathers) activities in deliberately orchestrating wars with the intention of making money that make people to abhor the idea of having conflicts as a whole.
§ 3. SYMPTOMS OR CHARACTERISTICS
Two nations may be historically incompatible so they have a history of engaging in wars now and then. These nations may through the conditions in the world and the rate of civilisation spreading to other less developed areas of the world, deicide to give up the evil urge of going to war with each other. So they relinquish war entirely in order to concentrate on other important issues facing their people in their own vicinities, but these would be the target of the interest groups or manipulators. The latter would make a deal with them to renew their hostilities or attacks so as to create instability in the world for sometime. For the War patrons as well as these interest groups, peace in the world means that their businesses are in trouble and they must do all they can to safeguard them instead of looking for other lucrative ventures to invest in. These wars are usually wars that can be contained as no causalities would be reported; the civilians would not be the target.
Hollywood war can also be staged just as we see wars in films usually made by the film industries. For the originators believe that anything in the world can be manipulated, even space programs if they want could easily be manipulated. Hollywood wars were very common in the period of Cold War Era, where many small conflicts were staged by the Superpowers in order to divert attention of inhabitants of a place or a village where they could engage in the real missions. These are not real wars, but for the shallow minded individuals, naive individuals, religious fanatics, fanatic leaders, or mentally disturbed leaders, and dubious leaders of certain countries, they could seize this opportunity to create their own wars in order to be able to steal more money from the coffers of their governments or countries. And so many leaders would themselves go to an area (racially charged, ethnically charged) and make utterances that could subsequently lead to civil wars, which could give them the power to intervene and become peace makers or heroes. Hannibal Odyssey Complex patients (HOC), Absolute Zenith Complex patients (AZC), Terrorist War Patients (TW), Suiccidium Bombing Disorder patients (SBD), Stealing-Covet Disorder nations (STD) and many other enjoy staging manipulative wars, which could then be the sources of minor conflicts in other parts of the world, and by so doing earn revenue from these wars. For the weak and Holy war goers of certain religious camps, their money and the purchasing of weapons which their sick leaders squander are not their concern, so far as the prophet Deadmoha has instructed them that anybody who act against their religion should be killed or stone to death by them.
§ 4. CASE STUDIES
There have been a lot of incidents in the world where the wars that originated the actual wars were said to have been staged by some people. Since we now live in the free world, many of these wars were at first not taken serious until some outsiders mistakenly allowed them to get out of hand or be intensified them.
CASE 1. There have been many wars in the continent of Africa where some thieves staged them so as to enable them steal their minerals, such as gold, diamond, oil, and other things. Some of these wars encompassed the use of coup d'état to remove their leaders who are competent in order to replace them with puppets that could be easily manipulated. Even during the colonial days, Hollywood wars were employed rampantly in Africa since many of these nations' inhabitants were naive and uneducated. These allowed the colonial masters to get grips on these naive people easily and stole their properties. It is not that the Europeans were as smart as people portrayed them, in fact, when they made their first appearances in the European continent after many centuries of living in isolation around 1250 BC, they could not read nor write but they were brutish. It was through manipulative wars that they seized all the lands in the world, which belonged originally to the Blacks who had marginalised the former for many years due to their appearance. Wars in the world were legitimised by their despicable behaviour.
CASE 2. During the Cold War Era many wars that were fought between the USA and Russia were staged by these two countries agents, that is, CIA and KGB. Unfortunately, these led to many genuine wars on the planet which left many people devastated. These wars had since left scars and wounds in the whole planet. One would not be wrong to assert that these wars were engineered in order to sell their weapons to the naive tribes in Africa, Indians, Arabs, and their dubious military dictators.
CASE 3. The present war that is going in North and South Korea where North Korea is bombing the Island owned by South Korea has already been declared by some researchers as Hollywood Wars or propaganda wars to trick the naive tribes in Africa, India, Arab world and some dubious leaders to steal their nations' money to purchase more weapons.
§ 5. ANALYSIS AND CONCLUSION
Hollywood wars are propaganda wars initiated by War patrons or War fathers, interest groups, Mafia, thieves, and mental patients in order to trick the naive tribes or people in the world and their leaders to steal their nations' scanty resources in order to purchase weapons. They are fake wars which may sometimes be initiated with the use of weapons or verbal attacks in order to create a situation of chaos, which could consequently lead to genuine wars in other parts of the world.
Hollywood wars can easily be transformed to real wars in nations where the people used foreign language to educate themselves, so the majority of people living in the country are like dead people or corpses in the graves that show ignorance in the highest degree. Since the Presidents and many of their leaders communicate to them in these foreign language, and the people themselves do not comprehend, they become ignorant such that up from the Universities to the elementary schools pupils and graduates do not even know the Presidents' names unless they make projects to waste money and put pictures of these Presidents in the houses and toilets of these inhabitants in order to remind these people constantly about the names of these presidents. Ignorance is the word, and the leader's inability/unwillingness to communicate to these people in their natural language that they would understand properly causes this naivety. When someone should come and tell people that one of their planes has been shut down by a rival tribe, due to ignorance and illiteracy, they shall start a genuine civil war and kill one another with machetes through this Hollywood war or propaganda wars without having made investigation to find the real cause of the plane being shut down. If these stupid leaders could communicate in the local language to the 90% of their population that do not comprehend the English well they use daily in their discourses for the 10%, who are arrogant and unreflecting, they could be intelligent and would save themselves from civil wars and manipulation by outsiders or Albinos.
Hollywood wars are going to be on the increase since many naive people that used to fight are wise, and they see that the white people who had manipulated them for ages had built their countries through the sales of these weapons, and they are not in a position to support them any longer. As the majority of people become aware of these tactics, they would become a show for money in public instead of causing true and genuine wars in the world. But for the mentally disturbed men and women, that is, Hannibal Odyssey Complex patients (HOC), Absolute Zenith Complex patients (AZC), Terrorist War Patients (TW), Suiccidium Bombing Disorder patients (SBD), Stealing-Covet Disorder nations (STD), Superwunsken leaders and many others, these propaganda wars could urge them to initiate genuine wars in the world.
Hollywood wars can only be prevented through education and poverty reduction.
Ackerknecht, E. H. (1971) Medicine & Ethnology: Selected Essays. (Eds.). Walser, H. H., and
Koelbing, H. M., Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins.
Ayim-Aboagye, D. (2008). The Security of Nations: A Psychological Perspective on Modern Theory of War. Hammersmith, London: Lulu UK Enterprise.
Ayim-Aboagye, D. (2008). Matter and Motion: Scientific Theories on Modern Man and Adaptation. Hammersmith, London: Lulu UK Enterprise.
Baucom, D. H., et al. (1998) Empirically supported couple and family interventions for adult
mental health problems. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66: 53-
Bebbington, P., & Kuipers L. (1993) Social causation of schizophrenia. In Bhugra, D., &
Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific
Publications. Pp. 82-98.
Bendyshe, T. Ed. (1865). The Anthropological Treatise of Johan Friedrich Blumenbach. London: Anthropological Society; 1865: 99, 269.
Beiser, M. et al. (1972) Assessing psychiatric disorder among the Serer of Senegal. Journal of
nervous and Mental Diseases, 154, 141-151.
Bell, C. (1992) Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bellack, A. S., et al. (2000) Effects of behavioural family management on family
communication and patient outcomes in schizophrenia. British Journal of
Psychiatry, 177: 434-439.
Benedict, P. K., and Jacks, I. (1954) Mental Illness in Primitive Societies, 17: 377-389.
Bennett, D. et al. (2004) Anorexia nervosa among female secondary school students in
Ghana. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185:312-317.
Bento-vim, D. I. (1985) DSM III in Botswana a field trial in a developing country. American
Journal of Psychiatry, 142: 342-345.
Bergstrand, G. (1982) Att Arbeta med Livsåskådningsfrågor i Psykoterapi. Stencil.
Stockholm: S:t Lukasstiftelsen.
Bergstrand, G. (1988) Tro och Misstro. Stockholm: Natur och Kurtur.
Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (1993) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific
Bhugra, D., & Buchanan, A. (1993) Attitudes towards mental illness. In Bhugra, D., & Leff,
L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific
Publications. Pp. 385-399.
Bhugra, D., & Gregoire, A. (1993) Social factors in the genesis and management of postnatal
psychiatric disorders. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social
Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp. 424-436.
Bhugra, D. (1993) Influence of culture on presentation and management of patients. . In
Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Bhugra, D. (1993) Unemployment, poverty and homelessness. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L.
(eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific
Publications. Pp. 355-382.
Berrios, G. E., & Morley, S. J. (1984) Koro-like symptom in a non-Chinese subject. British
Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 331-334.
Boateng, A. A. (1966) A Geography of Ghana. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Boisen, A. T. (1960) Out of the Depths. New York: Harper.
Bondestam, S. et al. (1990) The prevalence and treatment of mental disorders and epilepsy in
Zanzibar. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 81: 327-331.
Berger, P., and Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality. New York: Harper Bk.
Bourgignon, E. (1975) Possession and trance in cross-cultural studies of mental health. In
Culture-Bound Syndromes, Ethnopsychiatry, and Alternative Therapies. Lebra,
W. P. (Ed.) Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii.
Bradford, D. (1984) The Experience of God. Phenomenology and Schizophrenia. New York:
Free University Press.
Breuer, J., & Freud, S. (1956) Studies in Hysteria. London: Hogarth Press.
Brown, G. W. et al. (1972) Influence of the family life on the course of schizophrenic
disorders: a replication. British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 241-258.
Brugha, T. S. (1993) Social support Networks. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of
Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp. 502-516.
Buckley, A. D. (1976) The secret- an idea in Yoruba medicinal thought. In Social
Anthropology and Medicine, Louden, J. B. (Ed.) ASA Monograph No. 13.
London: Academic Press.
Bulik, C. M. et al. (2001) Features of sexual childhood sexual abuse and the development of
psychiatric and substance use disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179:444-
Burstein, S. R. (1952) Public health and prevention of disease in primitive communities. The
Advancement of Science, 9: 5.
Buss, A. R. (1978) Causes and reasons in attribution theory a conceptual critique. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology Vol.36, 11:1311-1321.
Byrnes, J. F. (1984) The Psychology of Religion. New York: The Free Press.
Calestro, K. M. (1972) Psychotherapy, faith healing and suggestion. International Journal of
Psychiatry, 10 (2): 83-113.
Carnap, R. (1951). Logical Foundations of Probability. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Carothers, J. C. (1947) A study of mental derangement in Africans, and an attempt to explain its
peculiarities, more especially in relation to the African attitude to life. Journal of
Mental Science, 93: 549-597.
Carpenters, J. C., & Brocknington, I. F. (1980) A study of mental illness of Asians, West Indians
and Africans living in Manchester. British Journal of Psychiatry, 137: 201-205.
Carpenter, W., and Buchanan, R.W. (1995) Schizophrenia: Introduction and overview. In
Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry/VI volume 1, 6th Edition. Kaplan, H. I. &
Sadock, B. J. (eds.) pp. 889-902, Baltimore: William and Wilkins.
Carsters, G. M. (1977) Protective elements in traditional cultures. Journal of Psychosomatic
Research, 21, 307-312.
Castro, R., and Eroza, E. (1998) Research notes on social subjectivity: Individuals' experience of
susto and fallen fontanelle in a rural community in Central Mexico. Culture,
Medicine and Psychiatry, 22: 203-230.
Cobbing, J. (1977) The absent priesthood: Another look at the Rhodesian risings of 1896-1977.
JAH, 18/ 1: 61-84.
Cochrane, R., & Bal, S. S. (1987) Migration and schizophrenia: An examination of five
hypotheses. Social Psychiatry, 22, 181-191.
Cohen, C. I., et al. (2004) Racial differences in paranoid ideation and psychoses in an Older
Urban population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161:864-871.
Cohen, M. R. & Nagel, E. (1949). An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
Conco, W. Z. (1979) The African Bantu traditional practice of medicine some preliminary
observations. In African Therapeutic Systems, (Eds.) Ademuwagun, Z. A. et al.,
Pp. 58-80. Crossroads Press.
Cooper, Z., & Paykel, E. S. (1993) Social factors in the onset and maintenance of depression. In
Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell
Scientific Publications. Pp. 99-121.
Corbeil, J. J. (nd) Bemba Bush Medicines. Moto Moto Museum, Mbala Zambia.
Cox, A. (1993) Social factors in child psychiatric disorder. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.)
Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp.
Creed, F. (1993) Life events. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry.
Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp. 144-161.
Crisp, A. H., et al. (2000) Stigmatisation of people with mental illness. British Journal of
Psychaitry, 177: 4-7.
Cullberg, J. (1984) Dynamisk Psykiatri i Teori och Praktik. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur.
Darwin, C. (1889). On the Origin of Species… (Authorised edition from English ed. II); New York.
Davies, P. (Ed.) (1989). The New Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Davies, P. (1989). The new physics: a synthesis. In The New Physics. Pp. 1-33. (Ed.) Davies, P. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dawson, J. (1964) Urbanization and mental health in a West African community, In Kiev, A.
(ed.), Magic, Faith and Healing: Studies in Primitive Psychiatry Today. New
York: Free Press
Dawson, J. (1979) Traditional concepts of mental health in Sierra Leone. In: African Therapeutic
Systems, (Eds.) Ademuwagun et al. Crossroad Press. pp. 3-7.
Day, R. et al. (1987) Stressful life events preceding the acute onset of schizophrenia: a cross
national study from the World Health Organization. Culture, Medicine and
Psychiatry, 11, 123-205.
DeMarinis, V. (1990) Movement as mediator of memory and meaning: An investigation of the
psychological and spiritual function of dance in religious ritual. In: D. Adams (ed.),
Dance as Religious Studies. New York: Crossroads.
DeMarinis, V. (1994) Transitional Objects and Safe Space: A Theoretical and Methodological
Interaction between Psychology of Religion and Ritual Studies. Acta Universitatis
Upsaliensis, Psychologia et Sociologia Religionum 10. Uppsala.
De Reuck, A. V. S. & Porter, R. (Eds.) (1965) Transcultural Psychiatry. London: J. & A.
Devereux, G., (1956) Normal and abnormal: The key problem in psychiatric anthropology. In
Some Uses of Anthropology: Theoretical and Applied. Casagrande, J. B., and
Gladwin, T. (Eds.) pp. 23-48. Washington D.C.: Anthropological Society of
Devereux, G. (1961) Mohave Ethnopsychiatry and Suicide: The Psychiatric Knowledge and
the Psychic Disturbances of an Indian Tribe. Washington: Smithsonian
Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 175, United States Government Printing Office.
Devereux, G., (1963) Primitive psychiatric diagnosis—A general theory of the diagnostic
process, In Gadston, I. (Ed.), Man's Image in Medicine and Anthropology. New
York: New York Academic of Medicine and International Universities Press.
Dhadphale, M. et al. (1983) The frequency of psychiatry disorders among patients attending
semi-urban and rural general out-patients clinics in Kenya. British Journal of
Psychiatry, 142: 379-383.
Dixon, L., et al. (2000) Update on family psychoeducation for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia
Bulletin, 26: 5-20.
Dixon, L. B. & Lehman, A. F. (1995) Family interventions for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia
Bulletin, 21: 631-643.
Einstein, A. (1952). “The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity,” In: The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Original Memoirs on the Special and General Theory of Relativity. Transl. by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, Pp. 111-164). New York: Dover Publications, Inc. (Also in Annalen der Physik, 49, 1916).
Einstein, A. (1952). “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies,” In: The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Original Memoirs on the Special and General Theory of Relativity. Transl. by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, Pp. 37-65. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Einstein, A. (1952). “On the Influence of Gravitation on the Propagation of Light,” In: The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Original Memoirs on the Special and General Theory of Relativity. Transl. by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, Pp. 99- 109. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Eisenberg, L. (1977) Disease and illness. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 1, 9-12.
El-Islam, M. F. (1979) A better outlook for schizophrenics living in extended families. British
Journal of Psychiatry, 135: 343-347.
Elsarrag, M. E. (1968) Psychiatry in the Northern Sudan: a study in comparative psychiatry.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 114: 945-948.
Epstein, L. C. (1992). Relativity Visualized. San Francisco: Insight Press.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1937) Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande. London:
Oxford University Press.
Fabrega, H. (1984) Culture and psychiatric illness: Biomedical and ethnomedical aspects”,
Marsella, In Cultural Conceptions of Mental Health and Therapy. A. J. and G.
M. White (Eds.) Culture, Illness, and Healing 4. pp. 39-68. D. Boston: Reidel
Fallon, I. R., et al. (1984) Family Care of Schizophrenia. New York: Guilford Press.
Fallon, I. R., et al. (1996) Family treatment of schizophrenia, the design and research
application of therapist training model. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice
Research, 5: 45-56.
Farmer, A. E., & Falkowski, W. F. (1985) Margot in the salt: The snake factor and the
treatment of atypical psychosis in West African women. British Journal of
Psychiatry, 146, 446-448.
Feigl, H. & Brodbeck, M (Eds.) (1953). Readings in the Philosophy of Science. New York:
Field, M. J. (1960) Search for Security: An Ethnopsychiatric Study of Rural Ghana. Evanston,
III: Northwestern University Press.
Field, M. J. (1968) Chronic psychosis in rural Ghana. British Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 33-
Fisher, R. B. (1998) West African Religious Traditions. Focus on the Akan of Ghana.
Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books.
Florsheim, P. (1990) Cross-cultural views of the self in the self in the treatment of mental
illness: Disentangling the curative aspects of myths from the mythic of cure.
Frank, J. D. et al. (Eds.) (1978) Effective Ingredients of Successful Psychotherapy. New York:
Frank, J. D. (1978) Expectation and therapeutic outcome—The placebo effect and the role
induction interview. In Frank, J. D. (Eds.), Effective Ingredients of Successful
Psychotherapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel Publsihers.
Freud, S. (1915) The Unconscious. In SE 14.
Freud, S. (1923) The Ego and the Id. In SE 19.
Freud, S. (1950) Totem and Taboo. New York: W. W. Norton.
Freud, S. (1961) The Future of an Illusion. Transl. by J. Strachey. W. W. Norton.
Freud, S. (1923) The Ego and the Id. In SE 19.
Freud, S. (1910). Leonando da Vinci and a Memory of His Childhood. In Standard Edition, Vol.11.1957, 57-137 (First German Edition 1911).
Freud, S. (1913). Totem and Taboo: Some Points of Agreement Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics. In Standard Edition, Vol. 13, 1958, 1-82 (First German Edition 1911).
Ghana Handbook of Commerce & Industry (1988/1989) Ministry of Trade and Tourism.
Ghana Statistical Service. 2001. 2000 Population Census of Ghana: Preliminary Analysis
Report. GSS, Accra, Ghana.
Garraty, J. A. & Gay, P. (1984). The Columbia History of the World. New York: Harper & Row.
Gay, P. (Ed.) (1973). The Enlightenment. A Comprehensive Anthology. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Gutmann, B. (1909) Dichten und Denken der Dschagganeger. Leipzig.
(Ed.) Davies, P. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gwassa, G. C. K. (1972) Kinjikitile and the ideology of Maji Maji. pp. 202-217. In Ranger, T.
O. and Kimambo, I. (Eds.) The Historical Study of African Religion. London:
Halford, W. K. (1991) Beyond expressed emotion: behavioural assessment of family
interaction associated with the course of schizophrenia. Behavioral Assessment,
Hallowell, A. I. (1934) Culture and mental disorder. Journal of Abnormal and Social
Psychology, 29, 1-9.
Harding, T. (1973) Psychosis in a rural West African community. Social Psychiatry, 8, 198-
Harley, G. W. (1941) Native African Medicine. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Harpham, T. (1993) Urbanization and mental disorder. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.)
Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp.
Harvey, J. and Bather, L. (1982). The British Constitution and Politics. London: Macmillan Education Limited.
Harvey, O. J., Hunt, D. E., & Schroder, H. M. (1961) Conceptual Systems and Personality.
Organization. New York: Wiley.
Hawking, S. (1989). The edge of spacetime. In The New Physics. Pp. 61-69. (Ed.) Davies, P Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hawking, S. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. The Inspiring Sequel to A Brief History of Time. London: Transworld Publishers.
Heath, T. L. (1897). The Works of Archimedes. Cambridge: University Press.
Heath, T. L. (1908). The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements Translated from the Text of Heiberg with Introduction and Commentary. 2 Ed. Cambridge: University Press.
Heath, T. L (1949). Mathematics in Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hedberg, I., & Staugård, F. (1989) Traditional Medicine in Botswana. Traditional Medicinal
Plants. Broadhurst, Gaborone: Ipelegeng Publishers.
Helmbrock, H. G., and Weigert A. (1980) Current Studies on Rituals. Perspective for the
Psychology of Religion. Amsterdam: Rodopi. International Series in the
Psychology of Religion
Hill, P. (1993) Social psychiatry of adolescence. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of
Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp. 234-248.
Hirsch, S., & Jarman, B. (1993) Changing approaches to determining mental health service
resource needs. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.) Principles of Social Psychiatry.
Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp. 517-527.
Hobbes, T. (1665). Leviathan Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hoehn-Saric, R. (1978) Emotional arousal, attitude change, and psychotherapy, In Effective
Ingredients of successful Psychotherapy. (Eds.) Frank, J. D. Et al. New York:
Holland, A. (1993) Social aspects of mental handicap. In Bhugra, D., & Leff, L. (eds.)
Principles of Social Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. Pp.
Hollingshead, A. and Redlich, F. (1960) Social Class and Mental Illness. New York:
MacMillan and Co.
Holm, N. G. (1976) Tungotal och andedop. En religionspsykologisk undersökning av
glossolali hos finlandssvenska pingstvänner. Acta Universitatis Uppsaliensis.
Psychologia Religionum 5. Uppsala.
Holm, N. G. (1987a) Sundén's role theory and glossolalia. Journal for the Scientific Study of
Religion 26, 3: 383-389.
Holm, N. G. (1987b) Scandinavian Psychology of Religion. Religionsvetenskap liga Skrifter nr
Lorentz, H. A., Einstein, A., Minkowski, H. & Weyl, H. (1952). The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Original Memoirs on the Special and General Theory of Relativity. Transl. by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Lorentz, H. A. (1952). “Electromagnetic Phenomena in a System Moving with any Velocity less than that of Light,” In The Principle of Relativity. A Collection of Original Memoirs on the Special and General Theory of Relativity. Transl. by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, Pp. 11-34. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Lorentz, H. A. (1931). Lectures on Theoretical Physics. Delivered at the University of Leiden. Vol. III Transl. by L. Silberstein & Trivelli. London: Macmillan and Co., LTD.
Maslow, A. (1943) “A Theory of Human Motivation: The Basic Needs.”Psychological
Review.Vol. 50, pp. 370-396.
Maxwell, J. C. (1877ed). Matter and Motion. London.
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, (1776). The Spirit of the Laws. Vol. 1., Tranl. Thomas Nugent. 1777. London: J. Nourse.
Nagel, E. (1961). The Structure of Science. Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
Newton, I. (1999). The Principia. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. Transl. By Cohen, Bernard & Whitman, Anne. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Nicolis, G. (1989). Physics of far-from-equilibrium systems and self-organisation. In The New Physics. Pp. 316-347. (Ed.) Davies, P. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nilsson, E. (2007). “Blommar som kunde gjort Linné till Darwin,” Forskning & Framsteg. Nr1, Jan-Feb, pp. 26-31.
Partington, J. R. (1951). A Short History of Chemistry. London.
Piaget, J. (1972). The Principle of Genetic Epistemology. Transl.: Mays, W. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.