Many countries worldwide, have adopted the principle of sustainable development, providing for the state and ensuring the ability to meet the needs of both the present and subsequent generations.
Ensuring the sustainable development of mankind is the most significant problem facing the world community. During a United Nations general assembly, the 193 member states of the United Nations approved the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and these have not lost its relevance.
The concept of sustainable development is actively discussed by world leaders today.
The Sustainable Development Goals (OSS) focus on the root causes of poverty, inequality and environmental degradation and not just on symptoms.
Their aim is to guarantee food, energy and water security for all, create a sustainable production and consumption chain, protect biodiversity and create green and clean cities.
Unlike the Millennium Development Goals, the newly approved goals apply to all countries as each has a responsibility in the new plan.
Among the central themes of the commitment signed by the United Nations, which will last until 2030, considerable space has been allocated to the environment.
And in this field, one of the most important challenges concerns the fight against climate.
To raise awareness, empower companies, institutions, and private citizens on this issue, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) launched an interesting initiative.
Defeat poverty once and for all. Even today, in the world, there are millions of people living on less than $ 1.25 a day: this condition is called extreme poverty.
Avoiding hunger. Today we produce enough food to feed all the inhabitants of our planet. We just have to make sure that even the poorest countries in the world have enough.
Guarantee everyone the right to health. The two objectives to be achieved absolutely are the reduction of the maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate. Two plagues that affect especially the poorest countries
Guarantee everyone the right to education. Having a good level of education is the only way to escape the poverty trap and it is the only way to hope for a better future, far from hunger and poverty.
Achieve gender equality. In some countries of the world, women have no rights. If we achieved gender equality, we would have done something important to fight poverty.
Ensure everyone has access to a source of drinking water. Even today, not all the people of the world can draw drinking water from safe sources. This increases the spread of diseases. This situation must change by 2030.
Produce clean and sustainable energy. Energy systems must not only be environmentally sustainable but must also, be available to all.
Making economic growth last. Economic growth must concern not only rich countries but above all poor ones and it has to be done so that it can last.
Industrialization, infrastructure, and innovation. Three cornerstones on which self-sufficient countries can be built.
Reduce inequalities between rich and poor countries. In our world, there are those who have too much and there are those who have too little. A fairer distribution of resources and wealth will allow us to build a better world.
Cities and communities must become more secure, sustainable and inclusive. Cities are places where you have to live well and where everyone must have the chance to live in a dignified manner. Sex, social class, and economic status should no longer be factors of discrimination.
Introduce responsible production and consumption models. Reducing waste and respecting the environment must be two principles that must always be kept in mind.
Take action to combat climate change. Urgent and specific measures are needed before it is too late.
Protect marine life. The sea is a delicate ecosystem that has been exploited indiscriminately in recent decades. The time has come to protect it.
Protecting life on land. This means protecting forests, fighting desertification, stopping land degradation and biodiversity loss.
Guarantee peace and justice. Without these two principles, equality will not be achieved in this world.
Encourage international collaboration in order to achieve different goals. These Sustainable Development Goals have been drawn up to promote environmental, economic and above all social sustainability in the world.
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