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04.04.2021 Egypt

'Golden Parade' of pharaohs to new home starts in Egypt capital

By Emmanuel Parisse
Mounted ceremonial policemen stand in waiting along the parade route near the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, in the capital Cairo on Saturday, ahead of the march of the mummies.  By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP)
LISTEN APR 4, 2021
Mounted ceremonial policemen stand in waiting along the parade route near the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, in the capital Cairo on Saturday, ahead of the march of the mummies. By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP)

A procession of floats carrying the mummified remains of 22 pharaohs, including Egypt's most powerful ancient queen, snaked through Cairo Saturday evening, in an eye-catching parade to a new resting place.

Under heavy security, the mummies were travelling seven kilometres (four miles) across the capital from the iconic Egyptian Museum to the new National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation.

Dubbed the "Pharaohs' Golden Parade", the 18 kings and four queens travelled in order, oldest first, each aboard a separate float decorated in ancient Egyptian style.

Both pedestrians and vehicles were barred from Tahrir Square, site of the current museum, and other sections of the route for the parade.

Images of the parade and a carefully choreographed opening ceremony were broadcast live on state television, to rousing music.

"With great pride, I look forward to welcoming kings and queens from Egypt after their trip," President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said on Twitter just ahead of proceedings.

The mummified remains of Pharaoh Seqenenre Taa II, The mummified remains of Pharaoh Seqenenre Taa II, "the Brave", who reigned over southern Egypt some 1,600 years before Christ, are the oldest of the 22 mummies being paraded through the streets of Cairo. By - (Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities/AFP/File)

"This grandiose spectacle is further proof of the greatness... of a unique civilisation that extends into the depths of history," he added.

Seqenenre Tao II, "the Brave", who reigned over southern Egypt some 1,600 years before Christ, was on the first chariot, while Ramses IX, who reigned in the 12th century BC, brought up the rear.

Another great warrior, Ramses II, who ruled for 67 years, and Queen Hatshepsut, the most powerful female pharaoh, were also on the journey.

The gold-coloured carriages were fitted with shock absorbers for the 40-minute trip, to ensure none of the precious cargos are accidentally disturbed on Cairo's roads.

'Upgraded cases'

Two-horse chariots in Tahrir Square, in the centre of Egypt's capital Cairo.  By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP) Two-horse chariots in Tahrir Square, in the centre of Egypt's capital Cairo. By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP)

Discovered near Luxor from 1881 onwards, fascinating new details of the pharaohs' lives -- and deaths -- are still emerging.

A high-tech study of Seqenenre Tao II, involving CT scans and 3D images of his hands and long-studied skull fractures, indicate he was likely killed in an execution ceremony, after being captured in battle.

For their procession through Cairo's streets, the mummies were placed in special containers filled with nitrogen, under conditions similar to their regular display cases.

The new resting place, the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation in the Fustat district of Old Cairo, consists of sleek, low-rise buildings topped with a pyramid amid expansive grounds.

The mummies will undergo 15 days of laboratory restoration before they are showcased individually in their new home, in an environment redolent of underground tombs.

And they will be accompanied by a brief biography.

The remains of four female pharaohs are among those being moved, including the most powerful, Queen Hatshepsut, who declared herself pharaoh after the death of her husband-brother Tuthmosis II.  By Cris BOURONCLE (AFP/File) The remains of four female pharaohs are among those being moved, including the most powerful, Queen Hatshepsut, who declared herself pharaoh after the death of her husband-brother Tuthmosis II. By Cris BOURONCLE (AFP/File)

Upon arrival, they will occupy "slightly upgraded cases", said Salima Ikram, professor of Egyptology at the American University in Cairo.

Temperature and humidity control will also be enhanced.

The "museum has what it takes to preserve (mummies), the best laboratories... it is one of the best museums we have," Waleed el-Batoutti, advisor to the tourism and antiquities ministry, told state television.

'Curse of the Pharaoh'

The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo, the new resting place for the 22 mummies.  By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP/File) The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo, the new resting place for the 22 mummies. By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP/File)

The National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation opened its doors to limited exhibits from 2017 and will open fully on Sunday, before the mummies go on display to the general public from April 18.

In the coming months, the country is due to inaugurate another new showcase, the Grand Egyptian Museum, near the Giza pyramids.

It too will house pharaonic collections, including the celebrated treasure of Tutankhamun.

Discovered in 1922, the tomb of the young ruler, who took the throne briefly in the 14th century BC, contained treasures including gold and ivory.

A so-called "curse of the pharaoh" emerged in the wake of Tutankhamun's unearthing in 1922-23.

A key funder of the dig, Lord Carnarvon, died of blood poisoning months after the tomb was opened, while an early visitor likewise died abruptly in 1923.

Egypt continues to unearth ancient remains - - this photograph from October 2020 shows the opening of a sarcophagus excavated by the Egyptian archaeological mission at the Saqqara necropolis near Cairo.  By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP) Egypt continues to unearth ancient remains - - this photograph from October 2020 shows the opening of a sarcophagus excavated by the Egyptian archaeological mission at the Saqqara necropolis near Cairo. By Khaled DESOUKI (AFP)

With the parade coming only days after several disasters struck Egypt, some inevitably speculated on social media about a new curse provoked by the latest move.

The past days have seen a deadly rail collision and a building collapse in Cairo, while global headlines were dominated by the struggle to refloat the giant container ship MV Ever Given which blocked the Suez Canal for almost a week.

The mummies' re-housing "marks the end of much work to improve their conservation and exhibition," said UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay, who was in Cairo for the parade.

"This raises emotions that go much further than the mere relocation of a collection -- we will see the history of Egyptian civilisation unfold before our eyes."

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