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26.04.2019 Africa

Vast Crowd Floods Khartoum To Demand Civilian Rule

Menna Zaki and Jay Deshmukh
Africa The rally outside Khartoum's army headquarters has continued for over two weeks despite the fall of longtime dictator Omar al-Bashir.  By OZAN KOSE (AFP)
APR 26, 2019 AFRICA
The rally outside Khartoum's army headquarters has continued for over two weeks despite the fall of longtime dictator Omar al-Bashir. By OZAN KOSE (AFP)

Tens of thousands of protesters converged from all directions on Sudan's army headquarters Thursday after calls for a "million-strong" demonstration to demand the ruling military council cede power.

The day after three council members resigned following talks with protest organisers, demonstrators flocked towards the central Khartoum site Thursday evening, beating drums and singing revolutionary songs, said an AFP journalist at the scene.

"We want the military council out. We want a civilian government," said protester Adam Ahmed, a medical student.

The rally came after Sudan's new military rulers and protest leaders agreed to set up a joint committee, to chart the way forward two weeks after the ouster of veteran president Omar al-Bashir.

The Alliance for Freedom and Change, an umbrella group leading the protests, had called for a million-strong march to "continue to protect our revolution and to ensure that all our demands are achieved".

Many of those rallying chanted "Blood for blood! We will not accept compensation!", demanding punishment for officials responsible for killings during Bashir's iron-fisted, three-decade rule.

"All those responsible for the conflicts in Sudan should be tried and brought to justice," said protester Ismail Jadallah.

Also at the protest were dozens of judges, dressed in their robes, who had marched from the constitutional court, an AFP photographer said.

"We are here to give a message that the judiciary should be independent without any political intervention," a judge told journalists.

But protesters expressed anger at the judges when they arrived at the demonstration, an AFP photographer said.

"Leave, Leave!" protesters shouted, blaming the judges for pro-regime verdicts during Bashir's rule.

An AFP photographer in downtown Khartoum said crowds of protesters had gathered earlier outside Egypt's embassy and consulate, which were surrounded by riot police.

Several people held banners calling on Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi not to "interfere in our affairs", after Cairo hosted a summit of African leaders who said more time was needed for a transition to civilian rule in Sudan.

Sudanese protestors have demanded the ruling military council make way for civilian rule. By OZAN KOSE (AFP) Sudanese protestors have demanded the ruling military council make way for civilian rule. By OZAN KOSE (AFP)

Across the city, demonstrators arrived at the army headquarters from the states of Jazeera, White Nile and also from Bashir's hometown Shendi, boosting the ranks of those already camped at the site, many of them for the past several weeks.

The giant rally followed a late-night meeting between the military council and leaders of the protest movement's umbrella group.

"We have an agreement on most demands presented in the document of the Alliance for Freedom and Change," Lieutenant General Shamseddine Kabbashi, spokesman of the military council, told reporters afterwards.

He did not elaborate on the key demand of handing power to a civilian government, but said there "were no big disputes".

The Sudanese Professionals Association, which initially spearheaded months of protests against Bashir, described the meeting as a step towards "confidence-building".

"Both sides agreed on the importance of joint cooperation to steer the country towards peace and stability," the SPA said Thursday.

Writing on Twitter, the association said a "joint committee" was being set up to "discuss outstanding disputes" as part of efforts to reach a "comprehensive agreement".

'Middle path'

On Thursday, activist Ahmed Najdi said he was expecting "a joint military-civilian sovereign council, which I think is the middle path and most protesters would agree to that".

He said he would participate in the demonstration throughout the night.

"More crowds are expected in the evening. We will continue our sit-in through the night, tomorrow and up until we achieve our demands," Najdi told AFP.

Protesters have kept up their sit-in outside army headquarters in the capital Khartoum. By OZAN KOSE (AFP/File) Protesters have kept up their sit-in outside army headquarters in the capital Khartoum. By OZAN KOSE (AFP/File)

Wednesday's meeting was followed by the military council announcing three members of the ruling body had stepped down after demands from protesters.

The United States has backed protesters' demands.

State Department official Makila James said Tuesday that Washington supports "the legitimate demand of the people of Sudan for a civilian-led government" and urged all parties to work together to that end.

Siddiq Farouk, a protest leader, said demonstrators were preparing for a general strike if the military council continues to refuse to hand over power.

The council, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan since his predecessor quit after barely 24 hours in the post, says it has assumed power for a two-year transitional period.

Protest leaders have threatened a general strike unless their demands are met. By OZAN KOSE (AFP) Protest leaders have threatened a general strike unless their demands are met. By OZAN KOSE (AFP)

Protestors have flocked to Khartoum from across the country, including on a packed train Tuesday which rolled in from Atbara, where protests began on December 19 against a decision by Bashir's government to triple bread prices.

They swiftly turned into nationwide rallies against his rule and that of the military council that took his place.

Protester Hayam Kamal said she had returned from the Gulf to take part in the protest.

"I have been living in Saudi Arabia all my life," she told AFP. "I returned to call for our freedom and better living conditions so that I can come back and live here."

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