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Thu, 06 Jun 2024 Feature Article

Hebrews In Ghanaː Biblical Cultural Regions In Modern Ghana

Hebrews In Ghanaː Biblical Cultural Regions In Modern Ghana
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Preamble

Mesopotamia, Babylon, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Israel

The Akans ₍Hebrews₎ in Ghana have played major roles in building Ancient civilizations, which left historical legacies in the modern world. Nearly half of the Ancient world was occupied by these groups of peoples, which had left a tremendous mark on the civilizations of the Ancient world. In the Early Civilizations in Babylonian and Mesopotamia, famous leaders such as King Badu Nkansah ₍Nebuchadnezzar from the Amorites Dynasty₎ and King Amoabeng ₍Hammurabi₎ and many others had built inventions of writing, and erected major developments which led to civilization to other nations. King Amoabeng, for example, was noted in history as the most accomplished lawgiver who offered good laws to his people that helped the Ancient civilizations to thrive. That sowed and supported early principles of moral behavior among enlightened people of the time. The powers of these other Akan nations led to reformation that transpired in the Ancient biblical world and the whole of Earth. Inventions in writing on clay tablets called cuneiform and subjects such as Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography, and Commerce flourished.

In Ancient Egypt, Kings Tutu Ankomah ₍Tutukamun₎, Akenten ₍Akenaten₎, Akuffo ₍Kufu₎, Tutu Mosi ₍Thutmose₎, Siamo and others had built the Egyptian civilization to the level that the whole world emerged from ignorance and naivety and ushered into the period of successive progress and enlightenment. Geometry, Astronomy, laws, weaponry, Commerce, and how to embalm dead bodies began here. Here, there was a continuation of the superb civilizations from the legitimate Homo sapiens to other peoples of Eastern Asia, Central Asia, and Southern Eastern Africa.

Further east of Ancient Israel, King Opoku Agyeman ₍ known in the scriptures as King David₎, Siaw ₍ known as King Saul₎, Jojachem, Kwei/Quaye known as Solomon₎ and others led a civilization of people who were to influence the whole world with religion and the proper moral principles.

The Ironfisted Roman Empire

The Abuakwas people or a group led the grounding of the ironfisted Roman Empire, and here protagonist Kwame Akwaah became a salient figure who later received sainthood and became St. Maurice.

A biblical figure known as Ayesu or Yesu during Roman Empire rule in Palestine received his name for being so generous for his healing, kindness, and compassion toward the masses, and his missionary activities among the Hebrews excited envy among the Religious leaders called the Sadducees. He was Okomfo ₍fetish priest₎ who was imbued with supernatural powers from the Almighty God and had the characteristics of attending to the needs of masses without requesting remuneration, gifts, petty bribes, and thanks. His name was shortened from “Ayesuban” to Ayesu, which later became Yesu ₍Jesus₎. Otherwise, his real name was Kwasi Ohene whose descendants have now been found in a family that originally came from Dormaa in the Brong Region but later moved to settle in Akwamu. He was born on a Sunday. The historical narratives concerning his virgin birth in Biblical Bethlehem in Canaan and how he came to be called the Messiah who was expected to deliver his people from the yoke of the Roman Empire can be found in the Scriptures. Both parents have been detected to be Hebrews whose descendants, after more than 20 generations, currently live in Ghana in the Akwamu area. His Hebrew name Kwasi Ohene, therefore, is authentic as 20 generations are not long to forget an important oral tradition such as this one where the whole world is attached to it for their redemption.

Destructive Works by the Whites/Caucasians

Before this period, which spanned several thousands of years in between, emerged the White people known as the Caucasians from their isolation in caves and forests in Central Europe around 1250 BC. They had been pushed from Central Europe by the Huns leader called Attila the Hun. Their sudden appearance in the Western world saw the major destruction of many elements of the black superb civilizations and commenced the confiscation of cities and artifacts to be used for themselves. Since the beginning, they had no proper well-educated backgrounds and lacked civilized manners, they did not spare humans nor properties that had been left behind by the rationalized black civilizations that existed in Ancient Mesopotamia, Babylon, Assyria, and, later Roman Empire.

The three wars that made the Hebrews/Akans and other smaller tribes compelled to migrate to present Ghana and other areas toward the southern part of Canaan began in AD 63, AD 66, and AD 70. Other than that, the Akans, who had originated and lived in modern Iraq were occupying the Canaan and its environments after drought and famine had earlier pushed them to move downwards. These wars which were engineered by the Medo₋Persia, Greeks and later a Roman Empire Emperor called Hadrian, forced them to relocate to the present abode of modern Ghana after several incursions on the way.

Aims of the Study

The purpose of this article is to describe the biblical cultural regions in modern Ghana, where the Hebrew migrants who escaped the Middle East and Canaan before the fall of the Roman Empire so many centuries ago occupied. These people from the different biblical regions built and settled in their cities and named them with distinctive characteristics that can be mapped and properly studied. The article will discuss where the Hebrews built their cultures and cities, which remind them of where they had migrated from. There will be suggestions to continue to give names that will inform the world that they are the true Hebrews and true Israelites who occupied present Ghana. This will make us aware of the imposters who are currently living in those areas left behind, and more importantly, become accustomed to the deliberate misrepresentation by Caucasians to take credit for the inventions in writing and mathematics they had not built.

Biblical Cultural Regions in Ghana

The city of Accra comprises many people who hailed from all the different tribes, including the Hebrew tribes. This city, which will soon become the NEW JERUSALEM is known for its biblical names of some places that can be found in the scriptures. The Ga₋Adambge who are the Hebrew natives in the city have the Homowo festival. The festival commences at the end of April into May with the planting of crops before the season starts. They celebrate Homowo in remembrance of the famine that once took place in their history. The people attributed their mishaps and misfortunes to the displeasure of their god. To restore balance in their society, these people who originally migrated from Canaan together with other Hebrew tribes in Ghana and Nigeria sacrifice livestock, pray, and pour libations to pacify their ancestral gods or deities.

Denkyira is where the migrants who fled Ancient Babylonia currently live. This Hebrew kingdom became powerful in the 1620s. It was known as Agona. The ruler of the Denyira was called Denkyirahene. The capital was Jukwaa but it was later moved to Abankeseso. Currently, it has Dunkwa on offin. Two important leaders were Boa Amponsem 1 and Ntim Gyakari. The Odwira festival, which is celebrated by the Denkyira inhabitants, continues for several weeks, commencing at Jukwa, the traditional Capital, and ending at Dunkwa on Offin, the administrative capital. It signifies cleansing or bathing their ancestors, Nananom, and the lesser gods or abosom.

Akwamu where some migrants from Ancient Assyrians and Babylon currently live. Sarpong the great ₍Sargon 1₎, one of the leaders of these people had good contacts with the Ancient Egyptian rulers which led to intermarriages among them. After migrating from Bono State, the Akan founders of Akwamu settled in Twifo₋Heman. The Akwamu led an expansionist empire in the 17th and 18th centuries. At the peak of their empire, Akwamu extended 400 kilometers along the coast from Quidah, Benin in the East to Winneba, Ghana, in the West. Their powerful King Otumfuo Ansah Sasraku 1 annexed the Hebrew Guans and took over traditional areas of the Kyerepon. The Kyerepon language is closer to Aramaic. The Apafram festival is an annual festival celebrated by the chiefs and people of Akwamu. They celebrate it in January. The festival is celebrated to seek bondage with Nananom, their ancestors, and God the sovereign Lord to ask them for protection.

Gomoa, Gomoaaborah, Gomoafetter where the Moabites ₍Moabi Moaba₎ or migrants from the Kingdom of Moab currently live. Gomoa was a district in Central Region in 1988. It was later split into two, becoming Gomoa West District and Gomoa East District. The latter has its capital at Potsin whilst the former has its capital at Gomoa Afransi. The district assembly is located in the southeast of the Central Region and has the city of Apam as its capital town. The people of Apam celebrate the Akwambo festival which means "the making of a way." This festival is celebrated to mark the time when their Ancestors, Nananom, helped them make their way to Apam. It is also celebrated by all the Gomoa people who migrated from Canaan.

Kumasi, which reminds us of Samaria became the entire Edomite settlements from Canaan. There used to be migrants who moved from the Bono and Denkyira, but they lived in smaller settlements until King Otumfuo Osei Tutu with the help of Obiri Komfo Anokye, helped them to unite to become a force to be reckoned with. Okomfo Anokye commanded the Golden Stool which was to consolidate the power of Osei Tutu. Later, they subdued many other Hebrew migrants and extended their rule and power in the country. The major festivals of the Asantes are Adae Kese Festivalsː one is Awukudae and the other is Akwasidae. These are called the Feast of the Weeks in the Bible, and the latter, which is also known as Akwasidae in Akan parlance is celebrated more regularly than the former. The Hebrew Kings, unlike other people elsewhere in the world, used palanquins to carry themselves on special occasions. Kwei who was called Solomon in the scriptures used one, that is mentioned in the Book of Songs which was written by Solomon. The Asantes always employ palanquins to carry their Kings during Akwasidae and Awukudae, and these festivals include inherited ideas, beliefs, values, knowledge, and skills. It is a dominant cultural practice in Suame and is the celebration of the Akwasidae festival, which is celebrated by all Asantes.

Kwahu plateau is a region where most migrants Israelites live. The first King of Israel called King Siaw [known in the scriptures as King Saul] had his descendants moved here. Kwahu is a place where the Twi₋Twi-speaking Akan group live. It lies in the Eastern Region, on the West shore of River Volta. They are known traditionally to be wealthy traders, owning Businesses and industries in Ghana. The Biblical Passover is well celebrated among the Kwahu Hebrew migrants called the Easter Festival. There is usually an influx of people from abroad and all over the country who join them to celebrate this important biblical festival.

Akyem where Jojachem's descendants settled. Kyebi [Bethsheba], Asiakwa [Betlehem] Kingsdom of Judah. These Hebrew migrants moved from Adansi and settled in those areas of Akyem Kotoku and Kyebi The area spread to other regions and districts, including Koforidua the capital of Eastern Region, where migrants moved from Juaben in Asante and other places during war periods to settle there. Begoro and Asamankese are the two most populous cities where the Hebrew migrants can be found. The Ahwie festival is where the smaller stools which are considered angels that take care of the Clans and Abusua, are pacified and cleansed. It is celebrated in September every year among the Akyems in Begoro Fanteakwa South who are the Hebrew migrants from Adansi who settled in this part of the country. The Ohum Festival is celebrated by the Akyems to thank the creator God for blessing their land with such a magnificent and resourceful river called Birim. Gold mining has helped the Akyems to be considered among the richest people in the country. The products from the Birim and other resources such as Cocoa, timber, and foodstuffs are symbols that are employed to remember their ancestors who struggled and preserved to keep the society strong and intact. The term Akyem designates a group of four states that include Akyem Abuakwa, Asante Akyem, Akyem Kotoku, and the Akyem Bosome.

Akuapem is where we have Nana Abirew and his descendants, the Israelites settling now. Big towns are Obosomase, Abirew, Aburi, Manfe, Akropong, Tutu, Mampong etc. Yaw Bram descendants Isaac, Jacob, Esau [Yaw Ayiisi, Yaw kubi⁄ Kwaabi, Esaw]. Hebrew descendants in Akuapems are known for celebrating the Feast of Atonement called Odwira. This is a yearly celebration where the Hebrew migrants renew their relationship with God and cleanse themselves from evil and sins. The festival is celebrated in September and October and coincides with other activities that the Hebrew migrants enjoy themselves.

The Gonjas, who moved from Ancient Egypt had earlier lived in the upper north Mesopotamia. They belong to the larger Guan ethnic group also known as kwa. The name Gonja means “run and leave them” [Guane gya]. Others also see it as derived from a corrupted Hausa word “Kada Goro₋jaa” which means land of Red cola. The Gonjas are twi-speaking people and they lived together with the Hebrew migrants in Mali before migrating to settle in Ghana. They were left behind as others migrated south to the coast and hinterland. Jintigi Fire Festival is an annual festival celebrated by the chiefs and people of Gonja. Damongo is the capital of Gonjaland and serves as the epicenter of the festival. It is often celebrated in April. The festival is celebrated to commemorate the search for the lost son of an Ancient King.

Dagomba land where the Ancient Philistines, that is, Biblical Goliath descendants live. The Philistines fought several times with the people of Israel. Their god was Dagon. They terrorized them until they were defeated by King Opoku Agyeman who is known in the scriptures as David. Agyeman was the last son of Gyasi.

The Guans were the first Hebrew people who ran to Ghana during the first war of AD 63 in Caanan. They are the Aramaic-speaking people who descended from Kenah, the father of Yaw Bram. They can be found in the Akuapem area and also the upper part of the Oti Region. They also have some settlements in the Coastal region of Simpa. The Guans were conquered by King Ansah Sasraku, a great warrior of the Denkyira people who later moved and directed great expansion in the Akwamu. Later, they were absorbed into the Akwamu people.

The Fantes and the Nzema lived in Mesopotamia before migrating downwards to Canaan. The Fantes and Nzema are mainly located in Central and Western Regions. They occupy both coastal areas and forest areas. There are two groups of Fantesː the Borbor Fante and the non₋Borbor Fante. Most Fante cities are found in the Central Region and they include Agona Swedru, Cape Coast, Mankessim, Saltpond, and Elmina. The Fantes celebrate the Fetu Afahye which is a festival celebrated by chiefs and people of Cape Coast. The festival is celebrated on the first Saturday in September every year. The festival is attached to cleansing to keep the city clean and to prevent an epidemic from occurring. They pray to the gods to ward off any disease.

Concluding Remarks and Implication for Further Research

The Biblical cultural regions will be presented on the Ghana map to showcase the existence of these areas and also prove the presence of the True Hebrews and True Israelites in Ghana. The time has come that we let the world know who these people are. It must also be acknowledged that the Lord God still favors them for their role in enlightening the world through their inventions, moral teachings, and educational developments. Though these things are not in their possession at the moment, one must remember to give them credit instead of fixing imposters who continuously enjoy their fruit of labor. We also urge the government of Ghana to consider changing the name of the capital city to become New Jerusalem.

REFERENCES

  • Ayim₋Aboagye, D. 1993. The Function of Myth in Akan Healing Experience. A Psychological INQUIRY into two Akan Healing Communities. Uppsala Dissertations. Acta Universitatis Uppsaliensis.
  • Ayim₋Aboagye, D. 2008. Indigenous Psychiatry. Transcultural Study of Healing Communities in West Africa with Focus on Ghana. Aboː Abo Akademi University.
  • Ayim₋Aboagye, D. 2025. Akan Language and Its Relationship to Ancient Biblical Writings. Sociology of Names and Places in the Ancient Near East. J. H. Kwabena Nketiah Conference. University of Ghana, Legon.
  • Banchie, Darkwah 2015. The Africans Who Wrote The Bible. Aduana Publishers. The USA.
  • Abrokwah, Kwasi. 2010. Revelation, Akans as Ancient Hebrews Migration from Canaan to Ghana. Akanba.

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