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13.12.2019 Algeria

Algeria awaits outcome of election marred by unrest

By AFP
Algerian security forces detain polling day protesters in the capital Algiers.  By Yacine BENRABIA (AFP)
LISTEN DEC 13, 2019
Algerian security forces detain polling day protesters in the capital Algiers. By Yacine BENRABIA (AFP)

Algerians awaited the outcome Friday of a widely unpopular presidential election marred by attacks on polling stations and the lowest turnout in the country's history.

The election had been championed by the army as a way of restoring stability almost 10 months into a protest movement that in April ousted president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, 82, after two decades in office.

But on polling day Thursday, protesters defied a heavy police presence to hold a mass rally in the heart of the capital Algiers and smaller demonstrations in provincial cities.

The electoral authority said its chairman Mohamed Charfi would release the results at 11 am (1000 GMT), an announcement that could prompt tens of thousands of election opponents to pour out onto the streets in new protests.

The five candidates for the presidential elections in Algeria.  By Vincent LEFAI (AFP) The five candidates for the presidential elections in Algeria. By Vincent LEFAI (AFP)

All five of the candidates in Thursday's vote were widely rejected by protesters as "children of the regime".

Among them are two of the ousted leader's former prime ministers -- Abdelmajid Tebboune, 74, and Ali Benflis, 75 -- and a former minister, Azzedine Mihoubi.

If none of the five hopefuls wins a majority, Algerians will be asked to return to the polls on a date still to be set between December 31 and January 9 for a second-round runoff that could trigger further unrest.

No exit polls were published but a spokesman for Tebboune said his candidate had won an outright majority.

Turnout at record low

On Thursday, a record six in 10 Algerians abstained, Charfi said, the highest rate for a multi-party election since independence from France in 1962.

While only a trickle of voters cast their ballots in some districts, Algerian national television showed longer queues elsewhere.  By STRINGER (AFP) While only a trickle of voters cast their ballots in some districts, Algerian national television showed longer queues elsewhere. By STRINGER (AFP)

Tens of thousands rallied in central Algiers, where police with water cannon and helicopters tried to disperse protesters.

"The people want independence," demonstrators chanted after breaking through a police cordon and filling the streets outside the Central Post Office, their rallying point through more than 40 weeks of protest.

AFP reporters saw a group storming a polling station in the capital, suspending voting there for about half an hour before police pushed them out again.

Late in the afternoon, an AFP reporter saw police using baton charges to disperse remaining protesters.

After dark, witnesses reported ongoing scuffles between police and protesters in the Belouizdad neighbourhood close to the city centre.

Muliple attacks on polling stations were reported in Kabylie, a mountain region east of Algiers that is home to much of the country's Berber minority and historically opposed to the central government.  By Handout (COURTESY OF OUSSAMA BELKACEMI/AFP) Muliple attacks on polling stations were reported in Kabylie, a mountain region east of Algiers that is home to much of the country's Berber minority and historically opposed to the central government. By Handout (COURTESY OF OUSSAMA BELKACEMI/AFP)

In the mountain region of Kabylie, home to much of the country's Berber minority and historically opposed to the central government, protesters ransacked polling stations and clashed with police, residents said.

In the city of Bejaia, two polling stations were attacked. In Tizi Ouzou, security forces fired teargas to disperse a crowd who had surrounded a government building, triggering a standoff into the night in which several people were wounded.

'Mired in crisis'

In central Algiers, young protesters slammed those casting their ballots as "traitors of the nation".

Algerian former culture minister Azzedine Mihoubi casts his vote.  By RYAD KRAMDI (AFP) Algerian former culture minister Azzedine Mihoubi casts his vote. By RYAD KRAMDI (AFP)

That earned a sharp rebuke from one man in his 80s: "I fought for the right to vote, so I'm voting for my country."

Other voters said they had turned out because after nearly a year of turmoil it was time for a return to stability.

"I am voting because I am afraid that the country will get mired in the crisis," said Karim, a 28-year-old civil servant.

Sid Ali, a 48-year-old merchant in Algiers, said: "I support the Hirak (protest) movement but it needs to end. I lost 70 percent of my turnover and many traders are in my situation."

'No to the system'

Whoever wins will struggle to be accepted by the electorate in the North African country, where many citizens see the government as inept, corrupt and unable to manage the flagging economy.

Protesters are pushing for an end to the military-backed political system.  By STRINGER (AFP) Protesters are pushing for an end to the military-backed political system. By STRINGER (AFP)

The "Hirak" street movement kicked off when Bouteflika announced in February that he would seek a fifth term in office.

Protesters have stayed on the streets ever since, demanding the total dismantling of the system that has ruled Algeria since independence.

The military high command, which long wielded power from the shadows, has been forced to take a more visible role and has pushed for the election as a way to withdraw behind the scenes again.

Demonstrators have vented their anger at army chief Ahmed Gaid Salah, who has emerged as Algeria's de facto strongman since Bouteflika stepped down.

A previous poll set for July was scrapped for lack of viable candidates and interim president Abdelkader Bensalah's term technically ended five months ago.

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