Africa's Higher Education Prospects and Challenges in 2022

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MAY 22, 2022 LISTEN
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Higher education in Africa is key to its development. As the world becomes more interconnected, education becomes the key to sustainability. African governments are investing more in higher education. They aim to boost growth and development.

Higher education in Africa will help create educated workers. These are workers who can work anywhere in the world. There is still a large gap between social-economic growth and higher education in Africa. Many things define its prospects and challenges.

The number of higher education institutions in Africa is growing

The latest information shows there are 1,225 universities and colleges in Africa. Out of that number, 586 are public or government-sponsored institutions. 601 universities in Africa are privately owned. Of the best ten universities in Africa, eight are located in Southern Africa.

Of the other two, one is located in Egypt and the other one in Kenya. Nigeria ranks number one with the highest number of universities. It’s home to 262 universities, while Tunisia has 204. Morocco has 153, Algeria 104, and Egypt 70.

Higher education is under massive transition. Nevertheless, there are many challenges to deal with. Education quality is the major issue. Due to this, most students in Africa cannot write quality essays. They get challenges in research, getting the right sources, and writing. A better solution is available from the essay examples available on Edu Birdie professional writers. A student will get inspired by the examples to help them write better essays. It doesn’t matter if a student is writing a research paper, essay, or dissertation. Edubirdie has a free essay example on many subjects to help students get useful insights and perform better.

Top university courses in Africa

Students in African universities register for different courses. Most of them look for courses that are marketable in the entire world. Many of them would prefer to work abroad. This can be in another country within Africa or another continent.

The main courses at the University of Africa are economics, marketing, and business management. A large number of students in Africa register for computer science courses. Another big chunk is studying agriculture and natural resources.

Those in the school of health study medicine, nursing, and pharmacy. Other major courses in Africa are humanities, theology, and social sciences. The latest trend in courses is IT, entrepreneurship, math, and biological sciences.

Most educated countries in Africa

Equatorial Guinea has a 95.30% literacy rate. It is the most educated country in Africa. Education is free and compulsory in the country. The number two most educated country in Africa is South Africa. It is a 94.30% literacy rate. South Africa’s population is 59.3 million people. Seychelles is number three. It has a population of about 100 thousand people. Its literacy rate is 91.80%.

Libra is a country located in West Africa. Its literacy rate is 91%, and it has a population of 6.8 million people. Other countries are Mauritius, Botswana, and Cape Verde. Also on the list are Zimbabwe, Burundi, and Gabon.

Major challenges of higher education in Africa

The top issue facing higher education in 2022 is quality. Some African counties have many universities. This is a good sign that the counties are investing in higher education. Unfortunately, the quality of education delivered is poor. Millions of students graduate from African universities. However, very few can perfectly fit in a new job.

Employers often have to offer extra training to help them become competent. Higher education authorities need to act fast. They should update the current syllabus. Some of the syllabi were created a few years after independence. Since then, there has never been an update. The courses have to be updated to fit the current market.

Higher education in Africa is yet to be linked with social-economic development. There is no emphasis on courses that will boost African economies. There has to be a link between education and innovation, entrepreneurship, and technology. The governments should create a knowledge economy in Africa.

The other current issue in higher education in Africa is advancement. Millions of students graduate with a bachelor’s degree. After graduation, very few proceed to master. It is only a small percentage to register for Ph.D. or higher. African governments should invest in their brighter students. They should pay for them to register for higher degrees locally and abroad. Students who graduate with advanced degrees are critical in bringing change to higher education.


Across Africa, only ten countries can be termed as highly educated countries in Africa. Although the continent has many universities, education quality is poor. The top issue facing higher education in 2022 is the lack of a link between higher education and economic development. Colleges in Africa need to act fast to change this situation. The government in Africa needs to invest more in higher education. This will help increase the literacy rate and quality.