Listen to music while browsing

Clinton meets Egypt generals after urging transition

By Jo Biddle

CAIRO (AFP) - US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton held talks Sunday with Egypt's top military leaders, just hours after calling for them to help smooth the country's full transition to democracy.

The top US diplomat arrived in Egypt amid a complex power struggle being played out between the newly-elected Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF).

A day after her first meeting with Morsi, Clinton met with Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi -- the country's interim military ruler after president Hosni Mubarak was ousted last year ending three decades in power.

"They discussed the political transition and the SCAF's ongoing dialogue with President Morsi," a state department official told reporters after the talks that lasted just over an hour.

The two also discussed an economic package proposed by Clinton and "Tantawi stressed that this is what Egyptians need most now, help getting the economy back on track," the official said.

Clinton has repeatedly called on the military to respect the outcome of the elections and told a news conference her talks with Tantawi would focus on "working to support the military's return to a purely national security role."

Morsi, Egypt's first democratically elected president, is locked in a standoff with the military after he ordered parliament to reconvene, defying an army decision to disband the house.

But a declaration issued by the SCAF before Morsi was sworn in -- which acts as a temporary constitution -- granted the military sweeping powers, including legislative control, even though they handed over to Morsi on June 30.

While Morsi's decree was applauded by supporters, it set off a firestorm of criticism from opponents who accused him of overstepping his authority.

Choosing her words carefully in the politically-charged atmosphere, Clinton said "it is very clear that Egyptians are in the midst of complex negotiations about the transition" including the make-up of parliament, a new constitution and the full powers of the president."

"Democracy is hard," she said. "It requires dialogue and compromise and real politics. We are encouraged and we want to be helpful. But we know that it is not for the United States to decide, it is for the Egyptian people to decide."

Clinton's meeting on Saturday with Morsi, a longtime member of the Muslim Brotherhood, comes after Egypt's first free presidential elections following the ouster of decades-old US ally Mubarak, who enjoyed strong military backing.

The United States supported the full transition to civilian rule, Clinton said, adding however she wanted to commend the military council "for representing the Egyptian people in the revolution."

"As compared to what we are seeing in Syria which is the military murdering their own people, the SCAF here protected the Egyptian nation," and had overseen free elections, Clinton said.

"But there is more work ahead, and I think the issues around the parliament, the constitution have to be resolved between and among Egyptians."

Hundreds of protesters had gathered outside the US embassy and later Clinton's hotel to denounce what they said was "US interference in domestic affairs," the official MENA news agency reported.

The US and Egyptian militaries have had a 30-year close alliance, and at the chaotic news conference one Egyptian reporter repeatedly tried to ask Clinton why the US had resumed its $1.3 billion in annual military aid.

A senior State Department official said Clinton would "encourage Tantawi... to engage in dialogue and to avoid the kind of confrontation that could potentially lead to the transition veering off track."

Clinton will also focus on the protection of religious minorities and of women, and was meeting later Sunday with women activists and Coptic leaders.

The post-revolution rise of the Islamists has raised fears among women and among the country's 10-million-strong Christian community that their rights could be rolled back.

With the economy in shambles due to a fall in tourism and a lack of growth, Clinton also Saturday outlined economic support "to help Egypt stabilise its economy and to use debt relief to foster innovation, growth and job creation."

She unveiled plans for $250 million in loan guarantees to Egyptian small and medium-sized businesses, as well as setting up a US-Egypt enterprise fund with some $60 million in capital.

Clinton also met with teams from a business incubator that provides seed money, mentoring and work space to small Egyptian companies to help them realise their concepts.

"Can I just say how excited I am at what all of you are doing and how thrilling it is to see young people like yourselves working on these new ideas, new concepts, new services, new products and new ways of organising," Clinton told the group.

Egyptian members of the Go Bike group take part in a bicycle ride in Cairo, on December 27, 2014.  By Mohamed El-Shahed (AFP)

Egyptian female cyclists pedal for acceptance

Monday, January 26, 2015 Cairo (AFP) - Yasmine Mahmoud cuts a defiant figure as she weaves her bicycle through the chaotic st ...
A health worker wearing protective equipment gives to drink to an Ebola patient at the Kenama treatment center on November 15, 2014.  By Francisco Leong (AFP/File)

WHO pledges reforms as it admits Ebola mistakes

Monday, January 26, 2015 Geneva (AFP) - The World Health Organization's chief on Sunday admitted the UN agency had been caugh ...
Equatorial Guinea's players celebrate after scoring a goal during the 2015 African Cup of Nations group A football match between Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, on January 25, 2015 in Bata.  By Carl de Souza (AFP)

Unfancied hosts, Congo advance in Cup of Nations

Sunday, January 25, 2015 Bata (Equatorial Guinea) (AFP) - Hosts Equatorial Guinea and Claude Le Roy's Congo Brazzaville defie ...
Central African Republic police patrol in downtown Bangui on October 11, 2014.  By  (AFP/File)

C. Africa minister kidnapped by armed men

Sunday, January 25, 2015 Bangui (Central African Republic) (AFP) - Armed men on Sunday kidnapped the Central African Republic ...
Congo's coach Claude Le Roy attends the 2015 African Cup of Nations group A football match between Congo and Burkina Faso in Ebebiyin on January 25, 2015.  By Khaled Desouki (AFP)

Emotional Le Roy hails Congo achievement

Sunday, January 25, 2015 Ebebiyin (Equatorial Guinea) (AFP) - Veteran French coach Claude Le Roy struggled to contain his emo ...
show more stories