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28.08.2019 Africa

Stranded migrants at sea an 'unacceptable situation' says rescuer

By Anne CHAON
Looking for a safe harbour: Migrants onboard the Ocean Viking rescue ship.  By Anne CHAON (AFP/File)
LISTEN AUG 28, 2019
Looking for a safe harbour: Migrants onboard the Ocean Viking rescue ship. By Anne CHAON (AFP/File)

The rescue ship Ocean Viking completed a 23-day mission this week, plucking 356 migrants, mainly African, from Libya's perilous waters, after a major stand-off with European nations.

The over-crowded vessel, operated by French charities SOS Mediterranee and Doctors Without Borders (MSF), had to cope for nearly two weeks as arguments raged over who should take in the stranded migrants.

The search and rescue vessel Ocean Viking, run by the charities SOS Mediterranee and Doctors Without Borders (MSF), ran into a near two-week standoff with European nations, with arguments over who should take in the migrants.  By CLEMENT MAHOUDEAU (AFP/File) The search and rescue vessel Ocean Viking, run by the charities SOS Mediterranee and Doctors Without Borders (MSF), ran into a near two-week standoff with European nations, with arguments over who should take in the migrants. By CLEMENT MAHOUDEAU (AFP/File)

"This is an unacceptable situation," MSF rescue coordinator Nicholas Romaniuk said in an interview with AFP after the ship docked Tuesday in Marseille, southern France.

Here are the lessons he learnt from the ship's first mission:

Political questions that shouldn't be asked

"The situation at sea is worse than before because now we have more information on the boats in distress," says Romaniuk, referring to data that was previously provided by the Italian and Maltese Maritime Rescue and Coordination Centres(MRCCs).

"And also because the wait to rescue people is still long. Twelve days in our case," he says after European nations turned away the rescue ship.

The mission rescued migrants who were mainly from Africa.  By Anne CHAON (AFP) The mission rescued migrants who were mainly from Africa. By Anne CHAON (AFP)

"(It was) thanks to the (six) European nations, including Malta, which organised themselves to welcome the survivors, but after the first rescue (August 9) we made a request to dock the survivors. And nobody answered except for Libya.

"But the Libyan coastguards bring people back to Tripoli, a city at war in a country at war, and to detention centres such as Tajoura (bombed in early July), still open despite promises it would close.

"No other MRCCs responded to our call.

"We are no longer in the context of maritime law, they are political choices but we shouldn't even be asking ourselves these questions."

Fleeing 'Libyan hell'

Libya, caught up in civil conflict since the 2011 uprising killed dictator Moamer Kadhafi, remains a major and dangerous transit route for mostly sub-Saharan migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe.

Concern has risen over Libya's migration centres.  By Anne CHAON (AFP) Concern has risen over Libya's migration centres. By Anne CHAON (AFP)

"People are fleeing what they call Libyan hell and continue to do so even if there is no one left to help them except a handful of NGOs. It is unacceptable suffering and it is a shame for Europe," Romaniuk said.

"Well done, really well done to those who continue to intervene, whether NGOs, military boats, or commercial cargo ships: well done to all those who do not give up."

A pricey operation

The Aquarius rescue ship, run by SOS Mediterranee, halted operations in December 2018 saying it was blocked by some EU governments following nearly three years rescuing 30,000 migrants at sea.

More containers like these were built on the Ocean Viking but they still could not house everyone.  By Anne CHAON (AFP) More containers like these were built on the Ocean Viking but they still could not house everyone. By Anne CHAON (AFP)

"We have found the right tool and the right crew, even if the work remains difficult for all of us. We have found a new home, even though our heart will remain aboard the Aquarius ship forever" Romaniuk said.

"But before (we set off) we said to ourselves: 'It's not going to be like before'. And we were surprised. It was like before! We will continue to improve it. For instance, installing containers on the deck, even though we could not house everyone, it was the right idea.

Migrants celebrate aboard the Ocean Viking rescue ship, operated by French NGOs SOS Mediterranee and Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF Doctors without Borders), after six EU countries agreed to take them in following 14 days at sea.  By Anne CHAON (AFP/File) Migrants celebrate aboard the Ocean Viking rescue ship, operated by French NGOs SOS Mediterranee and Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF Doctors without Borders), after six EU countries agreed to take them in following 14 days at sea. By Anne CHAON (AFP/File)

"But of course, it's expensive for an NGO operation to wait 12 days.

"As nobody wanted to let us dock, we had to go back to the north, wait until we reached Malta and then as we were not allowed to refuel, we had to come back here, to Marseille ... There are additional expenses in fuel in addition to the rental of the boat (14,000 euros or over 15,000 dollars per day).

"Is it a deliberate plan to keep us out of the rescue zone?" Romaniuk asks.

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