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16.05.2019 Europe

France Unemployment Rate Drop From 9.4% To 8.7% In 2018

By RFI
REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer
MAY 16, 2019 EUROPE

French President Emmanuel Macron has received a boost from figures showing unemployment at a 10-year low. But at 8.7 percent, the jobless rate in France is still much higher than in other European heavyweights.

The jobless indicator inched down by 0.1 point from the same period in 2018 to its lowest level since 2009, the national statistics institute INSEE said.

Macron, a pro-business centrist, has made cutting unemployment his main domestic priority and it has fallen -- albeit gradually -- from 9.4 percent when he took office in May 2017.

One subset that did see a sharp drop this time was the "halo of unemployment," which INSEE describes as those who "wish to work but are 'classed' as being inactive either because they are not immediately available to work (within two weeks) or because they are not actively seeking work."

Their number fell by 89,000 on a 12-month comparison to 1.4 million. France has suffered from chronic high unemployment for decades and its jobless rate is still more than double that of Britain, and far higher than in Germany, Europe's other two major economies.

Elsewhere in Europe

Unemployment in Germany, which has the biggest economy in Europe, hit its lowest rate since reunification in 1990 in April, with only 4.9 percent of the workforce looking for a job.

British unemployment is at a 45-year low of 3.8 percent despite the economic turmoil created by Brexit.

French workers benefit from higher levels of job protection, but the downside is that employers are more reluctant to hire because it is harder to shed staff when they want or need to.

The French economy has improved but it has also been held back by Yellow Vest protests that often target city centres on Saturdays, making shopping a hazardous activity at times.

In 2018, French gross domestic product (GDP) expanded by 1.5 percent, down from 2.3 percent in 2017 owing in part to weaker consumer demand.

In the first quarter of 2019, French GDP grew by a steady 0.3 percent according data compiled by the European Union's statistics service Eurostat.

British GDP rose by 0.5 percent meanwhile, while in Germany, where business activity stalled in the second half of 2018, it gained 0.4 percent.

Macron now wants to offer 5.0 billion euros in tax cuts to those whose wages are at the low end of the scale in response to almost six months of protests over living standards by the anti-government Yellow Vests.

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