The Making Of Ebola In Russia And How The Disease Has Come To Stay In Africa
In 1996, one laboratory worker engaged in a secret military biological weapon research infected with a virus from the infected experimental animal and succumbed to it. It would have been forgotten if it were not two facts, the virus was Ebola and the laboratory was on the outskirts of Moscow.
The development of biological weapons has a 35-year history in the Soviet Union and Russia. Scientists have begun investigating the Ebola virus with the aim of its potential use in biological warfare. Later, they tried to change its genetic code but failed to conclude that Ebola was not a suitable biological weapon.
The Biological Weapons Program was officially discontinued in 1991, but Ebola research continued on in the Laboratory of the Department of Defense. It is still unclear what's going on, even though the United States has demanded more transparency for many years after Russia.
Today, when the world is struggling with an unprecedented epidemic of Ebola, the secrecy of Russian research is even greater, which raises suspicion.
Amy Smithson, who visited several Russian laboratories and wrote about the Soviet weapons complex, admits that experts "have no idea what the Russians are doing with any pathogen they have."
In addition to any control, at least four Russian military laboratories have been in operation since the end of the Cold War. According to Smithson, it is known from various assemblies that the laboratory is experimenting with artificially altered strains of microorganisms.
Russian officials defend their right to military secrets and point to the tangible results their Ebola research has long reported - recently announced that two research sites where fatalities have occurred have evolved an experimental vaccine against the Ebola.
The first fatal case occurred in Sergijev Posad near Moscow and second in a laboratory near Novosibirsk. At the beginning of the 1990s, President Boris Yeltsin acknowledged the existence of a secret project when he announced the end of the program of biological weapons. Several American governments sent experts and finance to secure the dangerous pathogens in Russian laboratories.
But the Russians did not allow access to the military laboratories, and they never explained what the research was doing or how they disposed of biological substances. However, a new analysis of Soviet-era documents and personal interviews with rumors gave new light to Soviet research.
The Soviets sought to produce weapons from a wide range of pathogens, ranging from anthrax bacteria to Marburg and Ebola viruses.
Evolution research seems to have served primarily to develop a vaccine to protect Red Army soldiers. Scientists, however, also wanted to optimize the growth of the virus and isolate parts of its genome that cause death. Some scholars have manipulated it and attempted to reproduce altered pathogens industrially.
This, according to US experts, has only one purpose - offensive operations. Shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the program began new experiments.
According to Sergey Popov, a former investigator of one of the Russian secret military laboratories who emigrated to the United States was trying to develop a totally artificial device with new symptoms against which there is no cure.
Popov explained that no one would recognize such a disease and would not know how to treat it. Finally, apparently, no attempt was made to develop an even more dangerous form of Ebola, and Soviet scientists came to the same conclusion as the American - that Ebola was not a suitable candidate for a biological weapon.
The term "not suitable candidate for a biological weapon," were words to prevent Russia using on America or America using on Russia. Both countries can't cheat on each other. However, in Africa, the story is different.
Then after 1976 in Congo, history repeated itself when the US government triggers its product (Ebola) on the African continent. The result is what we witnessed in the West African countries of Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia, in 2014, and now fiercely ravaging Congo and spreading to other countries.
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