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August 29, 2018 | Congo

Congo war crimes suspect rejects 'Terminator' label at trial

Jan HENNOP
Former Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda's army is accused of ravaging the mineral rich Ituri region more than 15 years ago.  By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP)
Former Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda's army is accused of ravaging the mineral rich Ituri region more than 15 years ago. By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP)

The lawyer for a Congolese ex-warlord accused of recruiting child soldiers told judges Wednesday his client was like a father to his troops and that his nickname "Terminator" was undeserved.

Bosco Ntaganda is accused of overseeing massacres of civilians by his rebel army in the Ituri region of northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo in 2002 and 2003.

After two days of closing arguments by the prosecution, Ntaganda's lawyer Stephane Bourgon took the floor on Wednesday at the former commander's war crimes trial at the International Criminal Court.

Bourgon blamed what he called unfounded online rumours for Ntaganda's bloody reputation. He said the defence would make arguments "based on the evidence and not the internet."

"We believe that Ntaganda's reputation on the internet is wrong," Bourgon told the court in The Hague.

"We heard that Bosco Ntaganda was nicknamed The Terminator because he was a notorious violent killer. This is entirely wrong."

Bourgon addressed claims that Ntaganda himself had referred to "children" in his forces.

"The army was a family... The 'children' in the family does not mean that they are children," Bourgon told the court.

"They are the members of the army and military commanders take care of their 'children'."

'Raping and pillaging'

Now aged about 44, Ntaganda had a reputation as a charismatic commander with a penchant for cowboy hats and fine dining.

He faces 13 counts of war crimes and five counts of crimes against humanity as commander of the Patriotic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (FPLC).

The alleged crimes include murder, rape, sexual slavery and recruiting children under the age of 15.

International Criminal Court prosecutors led by Fatou Bensouda (R) have detailed alleged atrocities by forces under former commander Bosco Ntaganda in DR Congo.  By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP) International Criminal Court prosecutors led by Fatou Bensouda (R) have detailed alleged atrocities by forces under former commander Bosco Ntaganda in DR Congo. By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP)

Prosecutors have told the trial that Ntaganda's fighters slaughtered civilians with machetes and disembowelled pregnant women.

A lawyer representing 283 victims in the case said Ntaganda was "directly involved in the recruitment of thousands of children" in his forces.

Ntaganda "used them to participate, under the spell of alcohol and drugs... to kill, rape and pillage the enemy", said the victims' lawyer, Sarah Pellet, on Wednesday.

She said the victims "were expecting justice" even after 15 years.

"It is time for the victims to put the past behind them and move forward and build their future. This will be by way of a guilty verdict."

'Soldier, not criminal'

On Tuesday, prosecutors said Ntaganda was central to planning operations for the Union of Congolese Patriots and its military wing, the FPLC.

Prosecutors said the FPLC killed at least 800 people as it battled rival militias for control of Ituri.

More than 60,000 people have been killed since violence erupted in the region in 1999, according to rights groups.

They showed images of victims who had been disembowelled and had their throats slit.

Ntaganda and his lawyer Stephane Bourgon (L) have rejected the former commander's nickname of 'Terminator'.  By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP) Ntaganda and his lawyer Stephane Bourgon (L) have rejected the former commander's nickname of 'Terminator'. By Bas Czerwinski (ANP/AFP)

Ntaganda has been on trial at the ICC since 2015. The soft-spoken defendant has told judges he was a "soldier, not a criminal".

Ntaganda was the first-ever suspect to voluntarily surrender to the ICC. He walked into the US embassy in Kigali in 2013 and asked to be sent to the court.

This week's hearings will run until Thursday with Ntaganda expected to make a statement towards the end of the proceedings.

Africa Congo

quot-img-1YOU CAN OBSERVE A LOT JUST BY WACHING

By: VICTORIA APPIAH quot-img-1
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