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03.11.2014 Feature Article

Ghana Will Not Meet 5000mw Electricity Generation Capacity By 31/12/2015

Mahama HuduMahama Hudu
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Ghana has a huge potential to grow the economy and also create wealth (employment to acceptable levels). The fundamental goal of this government is to grow the economy through ensuring a reliable energy supply by 2015. In 2000 the government had an agenda to modernize economic growth through the private sector. If government accepted that 'the private sector is the engine of growth', then we must as well agree that electricity is the fuel to the engine of this growth.

It is not a choice but a must for government to prioritize energy development in this country as a step towards economic emancipation. Government's determination to deliver its promise of 5000mw capacity is welcoming, but not doing much on delivering and equal measure of generation is as well worrying. Even though our analyses indicated that government will not be able to achieve the 5000mw by 31/12/2015, it directs much of it efforts towards capacity addition and little on activities that will increase generation to meet existing capacity. Whiles we appreciate government effort in achieving its target; it is not cost effective to keep idle capacity as it is in Ghana, this is mostly blame on lack of the availability of gas, light crude, fall in water levels or faulty plants.

It is our wish that government turn most of its attention on activities that will reduce the 23% of technical and distribution loses, effective maintenance of existing facilities, taking initiatives that makes available sufficient gas, light crude oil and steam to get the existing electricity infrastructure to operate on full scale. The country currently has approximately some 2,512mw dependable capacity and a good percentage of this capacity remains idling, it excludes the 23% of technical and distribution loses. When these are fixed obviously the 200mw of load that is shed daily will be normalized. Considering current interventions by government and IPPs Ghana will be adding in approximation 672.5mw by 31/12/2015 to make a total of 3,184.5mw but expected to hold a capacity of 5320.5mw by 2019. The current energy revolution is expected to end on 31/12/2025 whiles the next revolution ends in December, 2050.

Expected Electricity Capacity on and after 31/12/2015

Plant Installed Or Ongoing Capacity (mw) Dependable Capacity (mw) Time Of Delivery
Tema Thermal 1 Power Plant(TT1PP)   126   100   Date to 31/12/2015
Tema Thermal Power Plant (TT2PP)   49.5   45   Date to 31/12/2015
Sunon Asogli 200 180 Date to 31/12/2015
Takoradi Thermal Plant (T2)   220   110   Date to31/12/2015
Takoradi Thermal Plant (T3)   132   120   Date to 31/12/2015
Mines Reserve Plant (MRP)     35   Date to 31/12/2015
Akosombo 1024 900-960 Date to31/12/2015
Kpong 230 140 Date to31/12/2015
Cent/ Osonor 126 120 Date to 31/12/2015
Takoradi International co.(Tico)   220   200   Date to 31/12/2015
Takoradi Power co (Tapco)   330   300   Date to 31/12/2015
Osagyefo PB 125 -  
2 Power Barges 450 - 2016
General Electric 1000 - 2016
Bui 400 200 Date to 31/12/2015
Navrongo solar 2 2 Date to 31/12/2015
Kaleo, Lawra, and Jirapa solar   8   -   -
Juale Hydro 87 - 2019
Dumunli Hydro 300 - 2016
Pwulugu Hydro 48 - 2019
Hemang Hydro 93 - 2019
Wind 150 0 2016
Capacity 3184.5 2,512 On 31/12/2015
Capacity 5320.5   After 31/12/2015

Center for Energy Research – Ghana
Email: [email protected]
Tel: (0506734457)

Mahama Hudu
Mahama Hudu, © 2014

The author has 8 publications published on Modern Ghana.Column: MahamaHudu

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