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29.12.2010 Feature Article


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Scientists have discovered that though the world is filled with human beings who are educated as well as uneducated, only a smaller fraction of these individuals do real productive thinking. Those who do not engage in productive thinking, in spite of the fact that these individuals are confronted with problems day by day which require solutions, are many as compared to those who become bothered with some things which compel them to look for appropriate solutions through rationalisation. Thus, according to these studies, those individuals who can be classified as robots, that is, those who only absorb what others provide them only (that is, live by what others has left behind), and without being given something they are useless or threatened with life's' experiences, are many in the world. This is the reason why group thinking favours many people, and it also explains the behaviour the mob reveals in a chaotic situation. But in a society where these deep thinker individuals are absent, there can be many serious problems, which would not be attended to in order to yield tangible solutions or redresses.

Even in the educational institutions, there are robots academics individuals who only absorb and teach what others have written, while there are other scholars who are really involved in doing real thinking with the intentions of contributing to something new in the society. These individuals are capable of generating new ideas to supplement the old ones they have acquired to aid in their teaching lessons. The same can be asserted with politicians, who are exhilarated with the profession of talking to and meeting different people, and also giving commands and believe that the job of a politician concerns only talking, enjoying, and signing papers. Such a public figure shall become an important statesman for many years without contributing to the citizens' welfare, or the nation building through the erection of better buildings to house the masses in order to provide something meaningful in life to these poor citizens. Since this person does not think but acts as a robot, he is the only individual who would come forward now and then again to accept the same position if it were to be given back again to him/her, even after his terms in office do not require him to be back. While this robot politician is happy to accept anything in connection with leadership, those who are thinking politicians tremble if the people decide to call back upon them to participate in another service for the same state. This is because they know they would have to put in their best, which would require a lot of thinking and efforts to achieve that. Here, examples could be given of robot politicians and the thinking politicians. In Sweden, the former Prime Minister, Mr. Carl Bildt, confessed that he had so much work to do on the occasion when he was the Prime Minister that he could not sleep at times, but had to work several nights without going to bed. Mr. Victor Owusu, the Attorney General of the Republic of Ghana, to have some time for sleep when he was so much involved in work and thinking, decided to put bed or sofa bed in order to help him relax when he was tired. The robot politicians are usually dictators, who care little about the direction of the country. He is usually exhilarated about the mere fact of being a politician without bothering so much about how the countries problems could be solved. He is often a self-server. Instead of coming to serve the people whom he had forced himself upon them to come and lead, he begins to do service to himself alone. These individuals main concern is the show-off of being the leader of the country, and being handed with different speeches to read out and shout aloud around. Informed by his economic minister about the worsening situation of the economy in his country, President Idi Amin of Uganda advised his minister to print more money into the system. Here, he did not require for explanation of why the economy was very bad; even he was not well aware that his extravagant living and the pressures from outside the country had caused this deterioration situation.

Common sense knowledge deals with intuition, as it calls attention to the employment of meticulous observation of life experiences in order to deal with a situation. Scientists talk of scientific approach of dealing with certain situations as a rising from the use of common sense knowledge. It has to do with people applying the mental faculty in appropriate manner to deal with problems based on intuition or empirical evidence. Certain questions are put forward, such as: why are some people getting rich quicker while others who have the same profession not being able to make it? Why do people who have the same eyes, nose, legs, and etc could do well by able to adapt to their environment better than others with the same attributes? Empirical evidence shows that something or behaviour is confirmed/proved through the use of systematic observation or analysis of certain other factors ascertained from nature. It could be minute observation which requires the use of telescope in the laboratory or meticulous and long dissection of some organism's internal parts in order to support a question or prior information obtained about an object.

If I have indicated in my previous works that the Akan people of Ghana must understand that they have a responsibility to lead the way forward to usher Ghana into the enlightenment mood and spirit, I mean just that because they are the majority and have the power to influence a great deal in matters concerning decisions. If they should allow what is happening in Ivory Coast and, for example, what happened in Ghana some decades ago to repeat itself again, it would be pathetic. As an intelligent and conscious society, Ghanaians must be analysing what happened to them in the past, and with this knowledge of the past, they should be capable of structuring a better future for the country's citizens. This, I have reiterated on many occasions in my work, and unless these are people so much disturbed and had neglected reading, they would easily catch the arguments I have presented in my numerous articles. The past history of this country should do well to remind them that, in order to maintain order and peace, it is necessary they enhance their roles at present to lift this country to what it had stood for as a pioneer of freedom, equality, and justice in this region. The culture of tolerance and the self-confidence, which their past kings and the traditional leaders had showed in the world, give us a course to believe that they can unite as a strong group to put the country forward, so that the disturbance which took place in Ghana so many years ago, and what is taking place in the Ivory Coast, the neighbouring country, should not appear to disrupt the progressive development and enlightenment Ghanaians have just entered into. If they fail to lead, their failure would enable many unwanted things to happen in the course of time to their own descendants, and the consequence will be a future of pain and turbulence.

§ 2.1. Aims
This article has the purpose of calling the attention of Ghanaians that, it is only a change into a natural language, which will enable all others to identify with it that could guarantee peace and order the country needs. These will consequently enable the country to achieve progressive developments, which will be conducive for the country to emulate other nations abroad that are doing well at the moment with their democracy and the management of their affairs. This means that the flirting with obsession with power for the here and now should be relinquished, and instead pursue systematic and essential developments, which its attainment could impede the threat to the future of this nation and its citizens returning to chaos.

In this work, I have provided new and convincing arguments for the utilisation of independence of Ghana by advocating for a complete break with history so as to have a unified country through the common sense use of one tongue, which is dominant. The question is not more “what would happen if we use this common natural language, but on the other hand, the question should be concerned with “what would happen if we do not pursue this aggressive manner of championing our unity now.” All the countries in Europe had different tribes like Ghana does at present, but all at some point in history discovered it was convenient to use the language of the masses to enable them achieve their unity. Even those European nations, such as, Britain and Germany had earlier learned the secret, that, it was not convenient to live with minorities who migrated from different nations into theirs with certain peculiar characteristics. Some of these people were historically aggressive, they were not well polished, not educated, their view of human being's worth was not quite advanced, or had brute culture, so that the best they could do was to assimilate them wholly into their group while allowing them to use only the majority's language in order to help unify as well as civilise them.

People of late point to Singapore that it has many nationalities but had managed to achieve unity, so it is possible for any country to do the same without having problems. But what these people fail to notice is that, this is a country with a population of only five millions. It also lies in a good location, where almost all those countries surrounding it had made it before this nation emerged as a developed nation. They have certain races whose parents' nations had already achieved success in development. The problem of Ghana is quite different. We know from experience that sometime in future the smaller tribes could be aggressive and forgetfully would tend to express themselves as better than the majority, which would ignite the troubles which the world had witnessed before. The recent hasty utterances of one of the groups that migrated from the neighbouring countries that it wants to have its own state, and that it would change names of places in the country bearing the names of certain figures of the majority, (those who offered them a place to stay) in the first place is one such example. If this kind of behaviour persists in the future (and I am sure it will) it could lead to untold harm and further escalation of hostilities among the different tribes.

Below, I provide examples of different nations which had different tribes just like Ghana does now, but at the appropriate time in history they integrated their numerous tribes in order to become one unified nation. It meant those that migrated forgot the fact that they were separate groups and this led them to become part of the existing parent nation they came to meet. This is what took place around the whole world. Where the people had been arrogant and had refused to do that, the consequences had been fatal, and these took place all over the world, including Britain and Denmark. The persistent problems in the country concerning tribal differences in Ghana would never be solved unless this issue with cultural differences is dealt with once and for all to help the future children to enjoy the blessings associated with it.

Written in the names of Latin this country had numerous tribes that roamed about within its borders. Though there were other smaller groups, the dominant tribes are given as the following. This has been established way before the time of the Roman invasion of Britain that, the area of modern Wales had been divided among these tribes, which include the Deceangli, Ordovices, Cornovii, Demetae, and Silures for centuries (cf. Wikipedia). Later this country would be conquered by the English people and would be subdued to become part of the British Union.

In old Scotland, Ptolemy's tribes located north of the Forth-Clyde isthmus include the Cornovii in Caithness, the Caereni, Smertae, Carnonacae, Decantae, Lugi and Creones also north of the Great Glen, the Taexali in the north-east, the Epidii in Argyll, the Venicones in Fife, the Caledonii in the central Highlands and the Vacomagi centred near Strathmore. It is likely that all of these cultures spoke a form of Celtic language known as Pritennic. The occupants of southern Scotland were the Damnonii in the Clyde valley, the Novantae in Galloway, the Selgovae on the south coast and the Votadini to the east. These peoples may have spoken a form of Brythonic language (cf. Wikipedia). Scotland also became part of the British Union and later they utilised the common language we know today as English.

In Sweden, in the 6th century a scholar by Jordanes named two tribes he calls the Suehans and the Suetidi who lived in Scandza. These two names are both considered to refer to the same tribe. The Suehans, he says, has very fine horses just as the "Thyringi" tribe (alia vero gens ibi moratur Suehans, quae velud Thyringi equis utuntur eximiis). The scholar Snorri Sturluson wrote long time ago that the contemporary Swedish king Adils (Eadgils) had the finest horses of his days. The Suehans were the suppliers of black fox skins for the Roman market. Then Jordanes names the Suetidi which is considered to be the Latin form of Svitjod. He writes that the Suetidi are the tallest of men together with the Dani who were of the same stock. Later he mentions other Scandinavian tribes for being of the same height.

Originating in semi-legendary Scandza, believed to be somewhere in modern Götaland, Sweden, a Gothic population had crossed the Baltic Sea before the 2nd century AD, reaching Scythia at the coast of the Black Sea in modern Ukraine where Goths left their archaeological traces in the Chernyakhov culture. In the 5th and 6th centuries, they became divided as the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, and established powerful successor-states of the Roman Empire in the Iberian Peninsula and Italy (Ibid.)

Another writer writes like this about the Swedish tribes, especially those he called the Shuni: “THE SHUNI OF SWEDEN. The DANS (DAN) who finally settled in Denmark formerly sojourned in Sweden within which land the Tribe of Gad predominated. Sweden was formed when the kingdom of the Swedish-Goths (Gautland) united with that of the Svea. The Svea were known to the Latins as Suiones. Tacitus mentions, (Germania 44) The states of the SUIONES right out in the sea. They are powerful not only in arms and men but also in fleets. SUIONES(Svea) is similar to THE Hebrew Shuni the third son, whose name in Biblical times in the north was perhaps pronounceable as SUONI [Sfor SHcf. Judges 12;6 Siboleth instead of Shiboleth; and "u" or "wu" before "o"].

“The union of Gad and Dan, who in Biblical times were close neighbors, was repeated in the Gauti and Dauni that, says Ptolemy, were on the Baltic coast.”

“The Goths were to dominate the region of Scythia, north of the Black Sea, and here river names, such as Don, Danaper (Dnieper), Danaster, and Danube, all bear witness to the presence of Dan. Strabo says expressly that the DANUBE was known to have received its name from the Scyths¨ . The Aorsi (from north of the Caucasus) were neighboured by the UDINI whose name is said to mean The DONS. Amongst Scythian (and Gothic) clans the name DAN or compounds of it is considered typical.” (The Nazerene)

It is understood that in the 3rd century saw the emergence of a number of large West Germanic tribes: Alamanni, Franks, Chatti, Saxons, Frisians, Sicambri, and Thuringii. Around 260, the Germanic peoples broke through the Limes and the Danube frontier into Roman-controlled lands.

Six great German tribes, accordingly took part in the fragmentation and the collapse of the Western Roman Empire (cf. Wikipedia): the Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Burgundians, Lombards and the Franks

Aside from these major tribes we have already mentioned, there were other numerous groups in these countries roaming about into others territories just as we currently have them in Ghana. But there were many of these same tribes mentioned above that migrated later to join the Scandinavian countries in the North, including Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, and Norway in order to settle there. As will be found later, these are the tribes whose some of its descendants moved to settle in England, first as mercenaries and later as heavy settlers who founded the Kingdom. Many immigrants also moved from present day France to settle on the Island.

§. 7.1. Otto Von Bismarck and Unification of Germany

In Germany, one of the greatest leaders who lived on their soil helped unified the country. As a matter of fact to prevent the Austro-Hungarian problems of different nationalities within one state, the government of Germany tried to Germanize the state's national minorities, situated mainly in the borders of the empire, such as the Danes in the North of Germany, the French of Alsace-Lorraine, and the Poles in the East of Germany (cf. Wikipedia).

Bismarck the great was a kind fellow, who became very apprehensive just like many thoughtful Ghanaians concerning the future of modern Germany, and so “his policies concerning the Poles of Prussia were generally unfavourable to them, furthering enmity between the German and Polish peoples. The policies were usually motivated by Bismarck's view that Polish existence was a threat to the German state; Bismarck, who himself spoke Polish, wrote about Poles: "One shoots the wolves if one can." He also said: "Beat Poles until they lose faith in a sense of living. Personally, I pity the situation they're in. However, if we want to survive - we've got only one option - to exterminate them.

However, through this great leader's vision, Germany like many other European countries is today a unified country, which Ghana wants to emulate.

"The indigenous people of Northern Norway and Central Norway are the Sámi people, though Norse culture arrived very early also. The current monarch of Norway has stated that the kingdom was founded upon the territories of two peoples—the Norwegians and the Sámi." (Wikipedia) The latter had their origins among the North American Indians who became absorbed to form the country of Norway.

"There are two indigenous tribes in Norway, the Sami and the "Kvæns" (also called "Kvens"). In reality, they're not indigenous; they're just immigrant trailer-trash from Finland who wants to feel special." The Encyclopedea Dramatica

§ 8.1. Dan and the sons of Gad:
§ 8.1.1. Dan and the sons of Gad: The Arodi and Areli of NORWAY AND SWEDEN.

"The Arodi and Areli of Gad were also once linked with Denmark of Dan. Denmark of the Danes was for a time ruled by the Hread-Goths or Hrodgoths who were either the same as, or at least related to, the HARUDI (Hardi). The Harudi from Denmark migrated to Hordaland in Norway in the 200s and 300s CE. Also once in Denmark were the ERULI (Harules) who were expelled somewhere between 100-500 CE30 and wandered extensively before finally returning to Scandinavia where some may have received part of their former patrimony in Denmark back while others (possibly the bulk) settled in Swedenê. The Herules are famous as a fierce, energetic, and knowledgeable people. More than any other group they are considered to have been masters of the semi-secret Runic script. Runes in the early stages were especially associated with Gothic civilization that was reasonably cultured despite hostile and primitive surroundings. RUNIC letters originated in the Middle East and are derived mostly from the ancient HEBREW scriptY. Both the Harudi and Eruli (Harules) are related to sons of Gad, Harudi from the Arodi of Gad, and Eruli from Areli (Numbers 26; 17).”

§.8.1.2. Goths in GERMANY
“Many Hugeonots went to Berlin in the State of Prussia in Mecklenburg. This region had once been a Gothic center and from there many migrated to the USA. Between 1850 and 1890 approximately 146,000 (one out of every three) Mecklenburgers emigrated overseas, most going to the United States of America. The reason for leaving was dissatisfaction with the prevailing social order and conditions. The emigrants represented the remnants of the Goths of Israelite origin who were finally separating themselves out from their non-Israelite brethren. The same principle applies to the rest of Europe. In all seven million people left Germany alone. Some few people of Israelite origin may have remained and it is reported that in Berlin more Jews were given shelter than any other German city. Nevertheless the overwhelming majority of Hebrew ancestry had left the country.”

§ 8.1.3. Gad in FINLAND
Many inhabitants of Finland are descended from Swedish settlers who adopted the Finnish language. We identify these settlers as belonging to Gad whereas Finland on the whole is dominated by the Tribe of Issachar.

Historically, Goths and Gothic clans and sub-tribes were shown as having been present in both the Scythian areas and in Scandinavia.

“The ancestors of modern Russians are the Slavic tribes, whose original home is thought by some scholars to have been the wooded areas of the Pinsk MarshesThe East Slavs gradually settled Western Russia in two waves: one moving from Kiev toward present-day Suzdal and Murom and another from Polotsk toward Novgorod and Rostov. From the 7th century onwards, the East Slavs constituted the bulk of the population in Western Russia and slowly but peacefully assimilated the native Finno-Ugric peoples, including the Merya, the Muromians, and the Meshchera.”

§. 10. DENMARK
“The etymology of the word Denmark, and especially the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as a single kingdom, is a subject which attracts some debate. The debate is centred primarily around the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dan or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending (mark means 'Land'). The issue is further complicated by a number of references to various Dani people in Scandinavia or other places in Europe in Greek and Roman accounts (like Ptolemy, Jordanes, and Gregory of Tours), as well as some mediaeval literature (like Adam of Bremen,Beowulf, Widsith and Poetic Edda)....”

“The earliest archeological finding in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000-110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC. The Nordic Bronze Age (1800–600 BC) in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot.”

“During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC – 1 AD), native groups began migrating south, although the first Danish people came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age (1–400 AD). The Roman Provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron. “

“Historians believe that before the arrival of the precursors to the Danes, who came from the east Danish Islands (Zealand)) and Skåne and spoke an early form of North Germanic, most of Jutland and some islands were settled by Jutes. They were later invited to Great Britain as mercenaries by Brythonic King Vortigern and were granted the southeastern territories of Kent, the Isle of Wight among other areas, where they settled. They were later absorbed or ethnically cleansed by the invading Angles and Saxons, who formed the Anglo-Saxons. The remaining population in Jutland assimilated in with the Danes.”

“A short note about the Dani in "Getica" by historian Jordanes is believed by some to be an early mention of the Danes, one of the ethnic groups from whom the modern Danish people are descended. The Danevirke defence structures were built in phases from the 3rd century forward, and the sheer size of the construction efforts in 737 are attributed to the emergence of a Danish king. The new runic alphabet was first used around the same time, and Ribe, the oldest town of Denmark, was founded about 700.” (Wikipedia)

"Although there were many different Germanic tribes migrating to England, several stood out from among the others, such as the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Frisians, and Franks. The Angles migrated from Denmark and the Saxons from northern Germany. There is some debate as to the exact origin of the Jutes, since linguistic evidence suggests that they came from the Jutland peninsula, while archaeological evidence suggests an origin from one of the northern Frankish realms near the mouth of the Rhine river. The Frisians and Franks migrated mainly from the low countries and north-western Germany."

"During the sixth and seventh centuries these Germanic invaders started to carve out kingdoms, fighting both the native Britons and each other for land. First called Saxons, the German invaders were later referred to as Angles, and in the year 601ce the pope referred to Aethelbert of Kent as Rex Anglorum ("king of the Angles"). As time passed, the differences between the Germanic tribal cultures gradually unified until eventually they ceased referring to themselves by their individual origins and became either Anglo-Saxon or English. (map of England 650-750)"

"As Old English began to evolve, four major dialects emerged which were Kentish, spoken by the Jutes, West Saxon, the Saxon dialect, and Northumbrian and Mercian, subdivisions of the dialect spoken by the Angles. By the 9th century, partly through the influence of King Alfred, the West Saxon dialect became prevalent in literature which aided the dialect's dominance among scholars."(Anglo-Saxon England in

As mentioned earlier in my introduction, the numbers of people who are involved in productive thinking as compared to the frivolous thinking are few. There are many people in our society who see the mess around as signifying “order, “ “brilliant,” “superb,” “progress,” or “alright,” and needs no change or improvement. It is this lack of awareness of the true situation which is causing our downfall, coupled with lack of adequate politicians with concrete visions and the right minds to be where they are. But as some thoughtful Ghanaians contemplate, like Otto Von Bismarck, there are more danger ahead than one can think of, unless people pretend not philosophise on the situation at present and what it will be like in the near future with the aggressiveness in which the smaller tribes are craving for power in the society. If those that migrated with empty hands in their canoes and boats are requesting for their own separate state, and think now that it has power to change names of famous Ghanaians in the land that did not belong to them originally, then you could just imagine how our future would look like. Our descendants will be angry if we do not assimilate these smaller tribes through a common language into the existing society before it is too late. In fact, we shall be doing them a disservice of not solving this problem for them. It would be worse than what we see in South Africa today with 10% whites owning everything in the country, while the 90% blacks are struggling in the system to make it. Because we lack the capacity to rationalise above our immediate mortal needs, we are not able to make tangible and concrete plans to deal with our future dire problems. For many outsiders who observe our cultures in Africa, they see no difference between us and the Ancients Egyptians who were forced between circumstances to kill the male born of those Israelites that sojourned in their nations, instead of looking for better manner and scientific approaches to integrate people through natural language conditioning. Remember that if you allowed foreigners to decide for your future, because they think about how the decisions would affect them first before you, the final decision might not be appropriate one to help you solve the problems in a genuine manner.

Desmond Ayim-Aboagye (Ph.D.)
Desmond Ayim-Aboagye (Ph.D.), © 2010

The author has 156 publications published on Modern Ghana.Column: DesmondAyimAboagye

Disclaimer: "The views/contents expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of Modern Ghana. Modern Ghana will not be responsible or liable for any inaccurate or incorrect statements contained in this article."

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