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09.04.2008 Politics

No clear definition of veep function in Constitution

No clear definition of veep function in Constitution


The actual functions performed by a vice-president of Ghana need to be reviewed in order to improve public knowledge and understanding of what is demanded of him or her, the Executive Director of the institute for Democratic Governance (IDEG), Dr Emmanuel Akwetey, has noted.

According to him, although the Constitution defined broadly the functions of a vice president as performing the role of the President in the event that the President was out of the country, it did not provide any actual functions beyond the broad definition.

Dr Akwetey, who was sharing his views with the Daily Graphic in Accra yesterday, added that there was the need to review the functions performed by the three vice-presidents the country had had since the introduction of multi-party democracy in 1992 to enable Ghanaians to appreciate their competencies and capabilities.

He indicated that reviewing the functions of the vice-president needed to be done within the framework of his or her competency rather than basing the choice of a running mate on ethnic and religious backgrounds.

"The Constitution broadly defines the functions of the vice-president but fails to exhaustively spell out his or her core functions," he said, adding that as it stood now, the detailed functions of the vice- president were left to the President to determine.

He said in choosing a running mate, it was incumbent on the presidential candidate to go for a person who could succeed him as President when his tenure of office was over, instead of going for a person who was perceived as the "chief apprentice" to the President.

Dr Akwetey recalled that the alleged sour relationship that existed between former President Jerry John Rawlings and his then vice President, Mr Kow Nkensen Arkaah, which was the result of the two keeping a "master-to-master" relationship, since both represented different political parties, had set the precedence for successive presidential candidates to nominate persons they were comfortable with to succeed them.

To buttress his point, the executive director stated that former President Rawlings had endorsed his then Vice-President, Prof. John Evans Atta Mills, to succeed him as President, which was an indication that the relationship that existed between the two was that of a "master" and a "chief apprentice", and added that former President Rawlings had confidence in Prof. Mills' competencies, hence his decision to endorse him.

Dr Akwetey wondered why President Kufuor did not endorse his vice, Alhaji Aliu Mahama, to succeed him but was perceived to have supported Mr Alan Kyerematen, one of the 18 people who vied for the presidential slot of the New Patriotic Party (NPP).

He stressed, among other things, that the decision by a sitting President to endorse the one who could succeed him as President was based on the trust that the endorsee was competent enough to discharge his duties as President.

For him, when the functions of vice-president were clearly spelt out, Ghanaians would be better placed to hold him or her accountable, especially in view of his or her ability to be elected President.

"As it is now, the vice-president is riding under the shadows of the President and, therefore, he or she cannot take credit for what the President does," he pointed out, stressing that "there is thus the need to have the functions of the vice-president clearly reviewed in order for us to determine what his real functions are".

Source: Daily Graphic

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