Since American leaders have promoted democracy and persuaded other nations to embrace it, a large number of people believe that democracy is a system of government that originated in the United States of America. The term "democracy," however, originates from two ancient Greek words: "demos," which means "people," and "Kratos," which means "power." Therefore, democracy, or “power of the people,” was first established in Greece before it was adopted in the USA.
Even though democracy is a kind of government where the people hold the power and decisions are made by a majority vote and also thought to be the most just and free system where everyone has the freedom to voice their opinions and affect public life, this type of government has caused suffering, hardships, and committed many crimes all over the world with impunity. While many believe that democracy is the finest type of government, it is riskier than a military regime.
Everyone knows that the military overthrows a government with the power of a gun, but people tend to forget that democracy is based on lies and deception when it comes to elections. Since diverse people's votes cannot be equal, democracy is a myth that has never been interested in free and fair elections; as a result, it is essentially impossible. This fundamental structure of government, which applies criminality, immorality, and pervasive corruption to target the vulnerable, is the reason democracy fails.
Using Ghana as an example, the people there were informed that the previous NDC administration was corrupt and incompetent. The people granted the NPP, the current government in power, their permission to serve them more effectively. However, all the promises the NPP made to the people were made under pretenses, and it has turned out to be the worst government in Ghana's political history, collapsing the country’s economy, businesses, and investments through massive corruption.
In Ghana, politicians continue to manipulate democracy by swaying voters' opinions with gifts, cash, televisions, and food items, among other things. To sway voters, they can employ psychological tricks, intimidate, propagandize, fabricate stories, bribe, defame, alter data, and make outlandish promises, which are never fulfilled. Many African nations have experienced suffering and poverty as a result of this, as they keep electing the same deceptive political parties to govern the nation.
Tribalism is so important to Ghanaian democracy that an NPP politician could claim that the party's stronghold in the Ashanti Region only needs party T-shirts, that is, they don't need development, because as long as they have T-shirts, the people will vote for them. What a demeaning and offensive statement directed at the Ashanti people and nation! However, because of vote-buying, a lot of people will continue to support the NPP despite the lack of progress.
This is how Ghana's democratic system operates: tribalism uses vote-buying to hinder national advancement, and the ruling party has the financial means to pay state-sponsored media outlets, radio stations, and other tribal media outlets to disseminate false information about the opposition to keep them from taking office. As a result, an effective government or opposition suffers. It’s not only the government and the people that are destroying the nation, but also the sponsors.
Voting in secret ensures that the identity of the voter remains a secret. This is crucial to ensure that voters are not harassed or discriminated against and are not fearful of the results of their decision; yet, there are numerous ways in which voting confidentiality is breached in Ghana. Many of these voters are uneducated and rely on party flag emblems to cast their ballots; nonetheless, they are sometimes tricked into supporting the incorrect parties. This is frequently done to give the losing party more votes.
Everyone who is entitled to vote is allowed to do so in developed nations that follow a democratic system of governance; yet, in Ghana, many people who are qualified to vote have been entirely alienated from obtaining the necessary documentation to cast their ballot. For instance, the media highlighted the difficulties in providing voting cards to those in the NDC stronghold, but no issues were found when providing cards to those in the NPP strongholds. This is a calculated effort to elect an ineffective administration.
In the 2020 elections, electoral fraud was used when the process of distributing seats in government did not represent the desires of the electorate. For example, Akufo Addo, the president in office at the time, received more than half of the votes in the electoral district, and when the dissatisfied Ghanaians asked the head of the Electoral Commission, Jean Mensa, to explain to them how she arrived at those figures, she was prevented from testifying in court by former Chief Justice Kwasi Anin-Yeboah.
As widespread corruption has increased in NPP’s government more than any other government in Ghana, the vice president who wants to be president foolishly keeps preaching to Ghanaians that digitalization is fighting corruption in his government, the same way Ghanaians mustn’t believe in free and fair elections. In developed nations, rigging is not all that common because the electronic system is set before you to make your choice of voting; since Africa is still developing, the task of controlling votes is enormous.
Even though developed nations have the best electronic voting system available, they are still planning to replace it with an even better one. This new voting system, known as "artificial intelligence," is designed to be able to do tasks that require human intelligence, like learning, reasoning, planning, and making better decisions than people during elections for a variety of reasons, such as preventing fraud, deception, or misleading others.