Once a major source of instability on the Black Continent, coups or the military taking over in democratic African nations, subsided for a while, but in the 2020s, they have returned with a vengeance, toppling democratic governments in French-speaking nations. Just when everyone expected that the trend of coups would end because world leaders denounced them, another failed coup recently occurred in Sierra Leone, which is one of the richest diamond-producing nations in Africa but is still the poorest.
Many Africans have lost faith in democracy, which is one reason coups have become more frequent. Democracy is defined as "a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections," although the definition sounds lovely, democracy has historically been the most corrupt form of government in the continent, responsible for poverty among Africans.
Most African leaders, who championed democracy and promised to battle against corruption, are rather thieves. They lacked empathy and lacked the skills needed to improve the lot of the suffering masses because their primary interest was corruption. They practice absolute tyranny by repressing the populace and attacking critics with impunity because they hate criticism and due to money, they have unscrupulous criminals, crooked judges, the police, the army, and church leaders behind them.
Ironically, the poor people who somehow find themselves depending on these failed leaders are the victims who suffer instead of these leaders. Ghana is a prime example of a failed government that initially deceived the citizens into believing that its president, Akufo Addo, could perform better than Mahama, and since tribalism is highly valued in Ghana, people chose to vote for Addo, who then proceeded to destroy the country's economy, businesses, vibrant ports, and foreign investments.
Some coups have been the people's rescue, but tyrannical African leaders who drive the populace into great poverty hate coups and don't want to hear about them. For example, the economy of several French-speaking nations that freed themselves from the colonial policies of their previous colonial master, France, is expanding. Therefore, the biggest burden on African economies is the fact that many politicians are robbing and plundering public coffers because there isn't a military rule.
Both industrialized and emerging nations face crime and corruption, but developed have countered the threat with counterattacking tactics. For instance, dishonest judges, politicians, police officers, and other public servants are held accountable and punished for their misdeeds in America and Europe, while in Africa, they are retained in government positions. Eugene Arhin and Cecilia Dapaah, who had more than a million dollars stolen, are enjoying their theft, while the latter has the gall to oppose the Special Prosecutor, asking the Supreme Court judges to take her case from court. It’s unbelievable.
These events are taking place in the country and are the reasons behind the rise in financial crimes as well as the lack of progress, but people are mute about them, and those who speak out against them for the sake of the country are quickly turned into enemies of the state. No matter how rich Ghana is in terms of rich resources, the nation will never be a prosperous country, since in my opinion, the Constitution allows for financial crime to be committed with impunity.
Since coups cannot be prevented, what can be done to lessen or halt them is if African leaders consider the disastrous impact of their immoralities on vulnerable people and quit embezzling state funds.