Free Education: Can African Countries Compete With Developed Nations That Offer Students?

Feature Article Free Education: Can African Countries Compete With Developed Nations That Offer Students?
NOV 21, 2023 LISTEN

The years or grades during which children and young people are eligible for tuition-free education are referred to as "free education." Since education is a vital component of personal development, students everywhere have long desired to take advantage of free education. The NPP government in Ghana made a huge effort to implement the free education initiative, but along the way, they ran into several challenges. We must ascertain whether African states can genuinely contend with developed ones.

The process by which a person takes in information, evaluates it, and applies it to their personal or professional life can all be collectively referred to as educational, with education being the end product. Education, as the product and development of training, has always been significant, and it has been given many distinct roles throughout society's growth. It shapes a person's perspective in the first place and instills moral values in the second.

Is free education a real thing or a myth, and how does the government fund it? Free education is provided without charge by donations from charitable groups or government spending. To put it simply, free education offers students a high-quality education without requiring any payment. Europe's free college education nations include the Czech Republic, Austria, Greece, France, Belgium, Germany, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Iceland, among many more.

Despite not requiring tuition payment, free education has benefits and drawbacks. A few of these are listed below.

The advantages of free education

There is no payment, first and most evident benefit is that there are no costs associated with the training procedure. Individuals of varying economic statuses can afford to attend children's schools to complete retraining or advanced training courses for workers of all ages and professions.

Accessible to everybody, anyone who is a citizen of the nation is eligible to apply for free education, regardless of their socioeconomic situation, race, or religion. Yes, there are a lot of formalities involved, but when we look at the bigger picture, this is a citizen's right.

State assistance - First off, because free education is more widely available than paid education, the state favors it. Various mechanisms may be employed, such as state accreditation of educational institutions, scholarship payments to postsecondary educational institutions, including art and music schools and higher education institutions, employment assurance following completion of retraining courses, deferral from the armed forces, etc.

The ability to engage in various educational processes and gain knowledge across a range of subjects while recognizing that no financial investment is required. If you're short on time, you can adjust the number of classes you attend without losing any money.

State agencies are in charge of free education, which is carried out in compliance with a curriculum that has been approved and created by trained experts. It is predicated on the state eliminating the necessity for particular occupations in the long run. Accordingly, free education will satisfy all societal and governmental standards provided a good instructor accurately reports information.
The disadvantages of free education

Low degree of student accountability because individuals are frequently negligent about things they receive for free. Furthermore, a person's approach will be less responsible if they receive schooling for free. You can decide not to take the initiative, to skip it, or to study.

When receiving free training, you must invest more time in the process than when receiving it through a paid approach. This can be explained by the fact that knowledge is typically imparted abstractly without much organization or focus. Sometimes more information is needed to complete a task, thus one should make an effort to look for it in other sources.

The majority of classes in free education are taught to a big class with a large number of people. Individual student-to-student explanations of the content in greater detail are not possible for the teacher. As a result, in the event of a misunderstanding, the student either keeps things as they are or looks for more information on their own. This has an impact on pupils' general academic performance and knowledge levels.

It is possible to learn with the teacher in addition to this case, however, most of the time, paying for individual classes and electives is required. Classes may be held for free at the teacher's request, though this is quite uncommon.

Generally speaking, to receive free training, you will need to buy several extra materials. For instance, equipment, manuals, textbooks, and other associated supplies that are required for learning. Formal and informal dues, etc., must be paid.

Teachers who provide free education tend to communicate with their students authoritatively. This might be the result of psychological factors at play, such as the teacher not feeling overly responsible for students' dissatisfaction with the caliber of communication with them.

Opinion of conclusion

Though there are advantages and disadvantages to free education, the fact remains that every circumstance is taken into account and that there are always exceptions to the norm. According to what I've learned so far about this post and Ghana's experience with free education, the NPP government is doing a fantastic job of putting free education into place. If they had been serious about supporting it, it should have successful, but along the way, they ran into problems because of rampant corruption. Akufo Addo cannot ignore this fact, since there was a time when the government couldn’t even pay food providers.