Africa has a population of about 1.4 billion people and today, 490 million people live in extreme poverty on the continent, more than a third of the total population, despite the continent being the first in the world, in terms of reserves of resources, such as gold, diamonds, and manganese, which also accounts for a quarter of the world's total mining output. This also includes huge oil and gas reserves; Angola, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Egypt, and Ghana, account for 10% of global black gold demand.
Despite all the resources, thousands of Africans leave the continent each year in quest of better opportunities in Europe. Africans make the dangerous decision to travel to the Italian coast in pursuit of a better life and they are confident that once they arrive in Europe, they will live prosperous lives. To land in Italy, they are exploiting the Libyan shore, amid numerous fatalities along the road.
Even though it is well recognized that Africa is an unstable continent, the governments of the West and the US are mostly to blame for the continent's political problems. The West and the US government have played key roles in rising political crises that have taken a high toll on African countries, in addition to the pervasive corruption practiced by careless and corrupt African leaders and families. For instance, Africa is not to blame for the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, but the continent has suffered greatly due to the steep increase in the price of food and other essentials.
The West and US governments frequently criticize African leaders for the widespread corruption on that continent, but never disbelieve me when I say that they embrace the behavior of dishonest African politicians. Supporting corrupt governments that plunge their populations into poverty and wreck their economies is the best way for the developed world to keep enjoying and plundering Africa's riches because it keeps the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund financing the continent according to their policies.
Slavery, colonialism, and Apartheid were all destructive political systems that were used to subjugate Africa. However, after the fall of these systems, the West and the US governments took great pleasure in funding corrupt and apathetic African leaders who were not interested in economic development or social progress. These provide an immediate response to the question of why they pay attention to hard-working African leaders like Kwame Nkrumah, and Patrice Lumumba, to thwart their efforts, and most recently, Muammar Gadaffi, who was assassinated.
The continent of Africa has a lot of natural resources, but the majority don't enjoy their benefits, and the reason for this goes beyond the fact that it is dependent on foreign governments. Money leaves the African continent through both shadow schemes and credit reliance.
Since African leaders are aware that the developed world does not appreciate hardworking African leaders, it appears that many of them are afraid of the West and the US administrations and are unwilling to be serious about using their resources and managing their economy. Whatever the circumstance, they must make an effort to eradicate that fear, to improve the continent. With France as their colonial ruler, the French-speaking colonies have already begun this process through coups that have crippled the dependence of France on them.
Also, new rules and policies in Europe are hurting third-world nations as well. Experts claim that Western authorities' activities are purposefully intended to harm other regions, starting with local markets' influx of cheaper European goods, which kills the domestic producer.
The continent, which was formerly abundant in minerals and food, has now become a desert, and according to the UN, Angola, Haiti, Honduras, Congo, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, may continue to experience catastrophic food shortages. In Africa, where regular food is frequently a luxury, Benin, Cape Verde, and Guinea have joined the list, and they may not survive this food crisis. Sierra Leone and Congo, the poorest nations on the African continent but also the richest in cobalt and diamonds, are the most prominent examples of the resource curse.
Thousands of Africans migrate away from their home countries every year in pursuit of better opportunities. This forced the European Union to set aside 1.8 billion Euros to support these migrants, yet more Africans continue to arrive. Who is at fault? In my view, the West and the US government are to blame; they must cease supporting corrupt African regimes, which will give Africans a brighter future and end the exodus.