A fire that tore through a five-storey building taken over for illegal housing killed 74 people including 12 children in central Johannesburg overnight, South African authorities said Thursday.
An additional 61 were injured and treated in hospital in one of the deadliest fires worldwide in recent years.
Bodies were discovered piled up at a security gate that was closed, preventing people from escaping the blaze, an official said.
Thembalethu Mpahlaza, the head of forensics services in Johannesburg's Gauteng province said a total of 74 bodies were recovered, 24 female, 40 male and 10 "burnt beyond recognition".
"We are having 12 children involved also in this tragedy," he told a press conference.
City authorities said the municipality-owned building in a deprived, crime-ridden area had been turned into illegal housing after being abandoned.
It was not immediately clear what caused the blaze. By Michele Spatari (AFP)
Most of those living there were foreigners, one resident said.
"I'm grateful to be alive, there was a lot of us running, trying to find the fire exit and a lot of people eventually died because of the smoke inhalation," said Kenny Bupe, a survivor caught up in the blaze while visiting a friend.
The 28-year-old told AFP he was part of a group that managed to break open a locked fire escape gate and run to safety, while others "jumped out" of windows to escape the flames.
Blankets and sheets used for escape hung from the burned-out windows.
Witnesses spoke of parents throwing their babies out into the street, hoping to save them.
"There were people catching the babies and there were also mattresses laid out for (them)," said Mac Katlego, 25, who lives across the street.
Rescuers combed the building floor by floor as firefighters damped down hotspots after putting out the flames.
Security gate closed
"This is a great tragedy, felt by families whose loved ones perished in this terrible manner," South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said at an event in the southern city of Gqeberha.
"Our hearts go out to every person who is affected by this disaster."
Emergency services laid dead bodies under blankets on the street outside.
It was not immediately clear what caused the blaze. House fires are fairly common in the country, plagued by chronic power outages, where many live in poverty.
Authorities said candles used for lighting inside the structure or stoves and other heating devices were a likely cause.
The city-owned building in a deprived, crime-ridden area had been abandoned. By Michele Spatari (AFP)
The building, which has been evacuated, is located in what used to be the business district of South Africa's economic hub and was used as an informal settlement by people squatting there illegally, authorities said.
"Inside the building itself there was a (security) gate which was closed so people couldn't get out," said Mgcini Tshwaku, a member of the city's mayoral committee in charge of public safety.
"Many burned bodies were found stashed at that gate."
Fire trucks and ambulances were parked outside the red and white building, which was cordoned off by police as a crowd of onlookers gathered.
Paramedics assisted survivors, some looking bruised and visibly in pain, as two women on a nearby street cried while consoling each other.
Bodies on ground
"The scene this morning was a mess, there were bodies on the ground everywhere," said Noma Mahlalela, 41, a resident, adding most people living at the premises were foreigners.
Authorities estimated more than "80 shacks" were set up inside.
The blaze was the deadliest in the country in recent years. By Michele Spatari (AFP)
"The fire spread very quickly, affecting different levels of the building, because of the combustible materials used," said Emergency Management Services spokesman Robert Mulaudzi.
Illegal occupation of disused buildings in Johannesburg's city centre is widespread, with many said to be under the control of criminal syndicates.
The building was raided by police in 2019, when 140 foreign nationals were arrested for illegally collecting rent, Johannesburg city manager Floyd Brink said.
"It was so difficult for us to get out," said Nobuhle Zwane, who managed to escape with her two children aged two and 13, adding that some corridors were blocked by beds. "We did inhale quite a lot of smoke."
Residents told AFP each of the five floors had a security gate that was kept locked at night to keep out police and possible intruders.
South Africa, with the continent's most industrialised economy, attracts millions of migrants, many undocumented, from other African nations.
Condolences poured in, including from the head of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.