A woman before her time: France celebrates Colette's 150th anniversary

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JAN 28, 2023 LISTEN
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France celebrates the 150th anniversary of the birth of the novelist whose life featured in the 2018 Hollywood biopic Colette starring Keira Knightley.

A century before #MeToo, French author Colette dumped a sleazy husband who had been taking the credit for her work. She then threw herself into a life of free love that she fictionalised in groundbreaking novels about the lives of women.

Plucked from the Burgundy countryside by her first husband – a literary agent 14 years her senior – he put her to work writing about her schoolgirl fantasies in the wildly popular Claudine books that he published under his own name.

Colette went on to cause scandal after scandal, writing about hitherto taboo subjects like domestic violence or anorexia. She then became a music hall dancer, mime artist and weightlifter.

She was also among the first women to wear trousers and have a facelift in a life that included three marriages and a multitude of affairs with both men and women.

As the American novelist John Updike said: "in the prize ring of life, few of us would have lasted 10 rounds with Colette."

Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette was born in a Burgundy village on 28 January 1873 and was swept off to Paris at 20 when she married the womanising music critic Henry Gauthier-Villars, aka "Willy".

He introduced her to high society salons frequented by novelist Marcel Proust and composer Claude Debussy, where she was gently mocked for her Burgundy accent and long blonde plaits.

Willy encouraged her to write about her life at school, telling her not to spare "the juicy details".

Colette's mother had instilled in her a love of nature that made her fiercely attuned to the senses, and she brought that to the page.

Coming-of-age Claudine bestsellers

The homoerotic, coming-of-age tale Claudine at School was published in 1900, followed by Claudine and Annie, Claudine in Paris and Claudine Married. All were instant bestsellers.

After spicing them up, Willy put the books out under his own name.

Colette eventually moved in with her lover, cross-dressing noblewoman Mathilde de Morny, nicknamed "Missy", and filed for divorce after learning Willy had sold the rights to her books.

In between affairs with other women, Colette learned to dance and took to the stage in 1906, causing scandal wherever she appeared, once flashing her breasts and causing a riot when she kissed her lover Missy at the Moulin Rouge in Paris.

Her semi-autobiographical novel The Vagabond about a divorced music hall dancer was hailed by critics in 1910 and Cheri, about an affair with a much younger man, followed in 1920.

But her best known work abroad, Gigi, the tale of a young girl being groomed to become a courtesan, did not come until 1944.

Colette's second marriage was to a newspaper editor and in 1913 she gave birth to her only daughter, also named Colette, whom she promptly entrusted to a nanny.

Nearing her 50s, she seduced her 17-year-old stepson, with whom she had a five-year affair that ended her marriage.

Her third marriage, to Maurice Goudeket, a businessman and journalist, was much happier but their bliss was shattered by World War II when he was among thousands of Jews rounded up in Paris for deportation to the Nazi death camps.

Colette used her connections to secure his release.

Despite yearning for the freedom enjoyed by men, she was also scathing about feminists, declaring once: "You know what the suffragettes deserve? The whip and the harem."

Bedridden in later years by arthritis, she was the first French woman to be given a state funeral when she died aged 81 in 1954.

(with AFP)