ModernGhanalogo

FEATURED: Let's Embed Rawlings' Values In The National Psyche — Parliament...

body-container-line-1
25.10.2011 Art & Culture

NUMERAL SYSTEMS OF YORUBA LANGUAGE

By William Olufemi Adeleke
NUMERAL SYSTEMS OF YORUBA LANGUAGE
Listen to article

0- OH, ODO/SERO; (.) itoka; % pacent;

1 ENI MENI, OKAN 21 OGUN-ENI** 41 OGOJI-ENI

2 EJI MEJI 22 OGUN-EJI 42 OGOJI-EJI

3 ETA META 23 OGUN-ETA 43 OGOJI-ETA

4 ERIN MERIN 24 OGUN-ERIN 44 OGOJI-ERIN

5 ARUN MARUN 25 OGUN-ARUN 45 OGOJI-ARUN

6 EFA MEFA 26 OGUN-EFA 46 OGOJI-EFA

7 EJE MEJE 27 OGUN-EJE 47 OGOGJI-EJE

8 EJO MEJO 28 OGUN-EJO 48 OGOJI-EJO

9 ESAN MESAN 29 OGUN-ESAN 49 OGOJI-ESAN

10 EWA MEWA 30 OGBON 50 ADOTA

11 OKANLA MOKANLA 31 OGBON-ENI 51 ADOTA-ENI

12 EJILA MEJILA 32 OGBON-EJI 52 ADOTA-EJI

13 ETALA MATALA 33 OGBON-ETA 53 ADOTA-ETA

14 ERINLA MERINLA 34 OGBON-ERIN 54 ADOTA-ERIN

15 ARUNLA / EDOGUN MARUNLA* 35 OGBON-ARUN 55 ADOTA-ARUN

16 EFALA /ERINDOGUN MEFALA 36 OGBON-EFA 56 ADOTA-EFA

17 EJELA / ETADOGUN MEJELA 37 OGBON-EJE 57 ADOTA-EJE

18 EJOLA /EJIDOGUN MEJOLA 38 OGBON-EJO 58 ADOTA-EJO

19 ESANLA / OKANDOGUN MESANLA 39 OGBON-ESAN 59 ADOTA-ESAN

20 OGUN OGUN 40 OGOJI 60 OGOTA-

''This achieves symmetry , easiness and logical progression;

**'ogun-le –meji' makes it difficult to count higher numbers; ' ogun-meji and so on' can be misinterpreted for 20x2, 3…,

*** “0” is: “oh”, “odo”, “sero” as in tel. numbers: 234 1 279 8049 is: eji, eta erin, okan, eji, eje, esan, ejo, odo, erin, esan

If a number seris begins with a zero, we can read it as: “oh” 0.5= oh itoka arun, 0.75; oh itoka eje arun

61 OGOTA-ENI 90 ADORUN 140 OGORUN-OGOJI

62 OGOTA-EJI 100 OGORUN 150 OGORUN-ADOTA

63 OGOTA-ETA 101 OGORUN -ENI 160 OGORUN-OGOTA

64 OGOTA-ERIN 102 OGORUN-EJI 170 OGORUN-ADORIN

65 OGOTA-ARUN 103 OGORUN-ETA 180 OGORUN-OGORIN

66 OGOTA-EFA 104 OGORUN-ERIN 190 OGORUN-ADORUN

67 OGOTA-EJE 105 EGORUN-ARUN 200 EJI-OGORUN-; IGBA***

68 OGOTA-EJO 106 OGORUN-EFA 300 ETA-OGORUN

69 OGOTA-ESAN 107 OGORUN-EJE 400 ERIN- OGORUN; IGBA -MEJI

70 ADORIN 108 OGORUN-EJO 500 ARUN-OGORUN

80 OGORIN 109 OGORUN-ESAN 600 EFA- OGORUN

120 OGORUN-OGUN 110 OGORUN-EWA 700 EJE -OGORUN

121 OGORUN-OGUN-ENI 111 OGORUNOKANLA 800 EJO-OGORUN

122 OGORUN- OGUN-EJI 112 OGORUN-EJILA 900 ESAN-OGORUN

123 OGORUN- OGUN-ETA 113 OGORUN-ETALA 1000 EGBERUN

124 OGORUN- OGUN-ERIN 114 OGORUN-ERINLA 1001 EGBERUN-ENI

125 OGORUN- OGUN-ARUN 115 OGORUN-ARUNLA 2000 EJI-EGBERUN

126 OGORUN- OGUN-EFA 116 OGORUN-EFALA 10000 EWA-EGBERUN*****

127 OGORUN- OGUN-EJE 117 OGORUN-EJELA 11000 OKANLA -EGBERUN

128 OGORUN- OGUN-EJO 118 OGORUN-EJOLA 20000 OGUN-EGBERUN

119 OGORUN- ESANLA 129 120 250 IGBADOTA

120 OGORUN-OGUN 130 OGORUN-OGBON 260 IGBAOGOTA

**** confusion is avoided with “ogorun-meji-eji” as people might soon be pronouncing “ogorun mejeji” for convenience, which would be erroneous, meanwhile 'Igba-eji' is considered logical, even if it later becomes ” Igbaji” in local dialects.

Note, people can as well say: ogorun-edogun, ogorun-erindogun, ogorun-etadogun, ogorun-ejidogun, ogorun-okandogun. Where the prefix “do” means 'before or less than twenty'

*****The significance of counting from 1-10 with “Me” will be to quantify the number itself, thus Egberun mewa is 10x1000

25000 OGUN-ARUN EGBERUN 10 000 000 000 EWA-MILLIAD -- 1010

30000 OGBON -EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 OGORUN-MILLIAD --1011

50000 ADOTA-EGBERUN 10 000 000 000 000 EWA TRILLON --1013

100 000 OGORUN-EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 000 OGORUN TRILLON- 1014

150 000 OGORUN-ADOTA-EGBE 10 000 000 000 000 000 EWA -KWADRILLON --1016

200 000 EJIEGORUNEGBERUN, IGBA EGBERUN 100 000 000 000 000 000 OGORUN- KWADRILLON-1017

500 000 ARUNOGORUNEGBERUN 10 000 000 000 000 000000 EWA- KWINTILLON--1019

1 000 000 MILLION 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 OGORUN-KWINTILLON --1020

100 000 000 OGORUN-MILLION

500 000 000 ARUN OGORUN- MILLION

1 000 000 000 -MILLIAD

TRILLON- 1 000 000 000 000

KWADRILLON -1 000 000 000 000 000 0000 0000

KWINTILLON -1 000 000 000 000 000 000 0000 0000 0000 0000

This chart suggests that the Yoruba systems for counting higher numbers be based on the decimal progression - powers of 10. (107 = 1+7 zeros.)

We will count sets of 1,000 (103 - groups of 3 zeros)

The sets are divided into groups of three, 1s, 10s, and 100s

The major set therefore will be: 1,000 - okan EGBERUN. 1,000 egberun is okan MILLION, 1,000 million is MILLIAD, etc. The value of the prefix to –illon/MILLIAD shows the number of sets of thousands, (sets of 3 zeros) beyond the first 1,000.

Milliad - a total of 3 sets of 3 zeros 1,000,000,000; tr(i), 4 sets.) Above kwadr- (4), the prefixes are kwint- with (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), and (10)sets respectively.

# OSU OJO- OSE

1 SERE, IKENI-OSU, ILADUN,ODUN-TUNTUN 1 AJE, IBERE-OSE

2 ERELE, IKEJI- OSU 2 ISEGUN

3 ERENA, IKETA-OSU 3 ERU,

4 IGBE, IKERIN-OSU 4 OBO

5 EBIBI, IKARUN-OSU 5 ETI, OPIN-OSE

6 OKUDU, IKEFA-OSU 6 ABAMETA, OJO-ARIYA

7 AGEMO, IKEJE-OSU 7 AIKU, OJO-ISIN, OJO-ISINMI, OJO-AJINDE,

8 OGUN, IKEJO-OSU

9 OWEWE, IKESAN-OSU

10 OWARA, IKEWA-OSU

11 ELU, IKEKANLA-OSU

12 OPE, IKEJILA-OSU, OPIN-ODUN

AKOKO, IGBA, AGO will be read in the ordinal orders with indications for days and nights

AGO- IKENI, IKEJI, IKETA, IKERIN, IKARUN, IKEFA, IKEJE, IKEJO, IKESAN , IKEWA, IKOKANLA, IKEJILA (12.00-3.00 oru); ( 4.00-6.00 idaji); (7.00-12.00 aro); (1.00-3.00 osan); (4.00-6.00 irole); (7.00-11.00 ale)

Kini ago to sin? Ikeji ago, ewa iseju, ogun sekundi : 2hrs 10minutes: 20 seconds

Ato bi ago melo ki a to de ibe? A to bi eji ago ati ogbon iseju

ODUN

BC 32- ODUN OGBON-EJI AYE TOLO (THE PAST ERA)

AD 1000- ODUN-EGBERUN NI AYE WA (OUR ERA)

1800 –ODUN EGBERUN EJO-OGORUN

1865 – ODUN- EGBERUN- EJO-OGORUN- OGOTA-ARUN

1900- ODUN EBERUN-ESAN OGORUN

1910- ODUN EGBERUN-ESAN OGORUN- EWA

1980- ODUN EGBERUN-ESAN OGORUN- OGORIN

2000- ODUN –EJI- EGBERUN

2010 - ODUN –EJI- EGBERUN-EWA

2011- ODUN –EJI EGBERUN-OKANLA (notice, not mokanla)

IWON- KILOMETRA

From 1-10 will be read with prefix 'me' , ie: okan kilometra, marun kilometra.

Otherwise, Eko si Ilorin :- igba aadota kilometra ; eta-ogorun adota kilometra; erin ogorun kilometra

IWON- KILOGRAM

Kilo okan, kilo kan Idaji kilo
½kg

Eji kilogram, kilo meji

Idameta kilo 1/3kg

Eta kilogram, kilo meta

Ida merin kilo ¼ kg

Erin- kilogram, kilo-merin

Ida mewa kilo 1/10kg

Arun- kilogram, kilo-marun

Okan abo kilo 1.5; 1 1/2kg

Efa- kilogram, kilo-mefa

PACENT %

Eje- kilogram, kilo-meje

EWA PACENT 10%

Ejo- kilogram, kilo-mejo

ADOTA PACENT 50%

Esan- kilogram, kilo-mesan

ADOJE-ARUN PACENT 75%

Ewa- kilogram, kilo-mewa

OGORUN PACENT 100%

MILIMETRA, CENTIMETRA METRA MILLIGRAM, GRAM

OKAN METRA, METRA KAN Ogorun milligram

Ewa metra, ogorun metra;

Okan-abo metra; okan itoka adorin metra, okan itoka ogorin-arun metra Ewa gram, ogorun gram,

Adota gram.

Arun santimetra, ewa santimetra, adota santimetra

Modern Ghana Links
body-container-line