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Pregnancy with Congenital Heart Defects (CHD): Causes and Treatment

By Dr. N Sapna Lulla
Health & Fitness Pregnancy with Congenital Heart Defects CHD: Causes and Treatment
FEB 21, 2024 LISTEN

Pregnancy with Congenital Heart Defects (CHD) presents unique challenges, as both the mother and fetus require careful monitoring and management. Understanding the causes and treatment options is crucial for ensuring the best possible outcomes for both.

Causes of CHD in Pregnancy:
1. Genetic Factors: CHD can result from genetic mutations or inheritance patterns.

2. Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain substances during pregnancy, such as alcohol or tobacco, can increase the risk of CHD.

3. Maternal Health: Conditiedions like diabetes or obesity in the mother can contribute to the development of CHD in the fetus.

4. Fetal Development: Abnormalities in fetal heart development during pregnancy can lead to CHD.

Treatment
1. Prenatal Care: Early detection through prenatal screenings allows for timely interventions and treatment planning.

2. Medications:Some medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms and improve heart function during pregnancy.

3. Specialized Monitoring: Regular check-ups with a cardiologist and obstetrician are essential to monitor maternal and fetal health.

4. Surgical Interventions: In severe cases, surgical procedures may be necessary to repair or alleviate complications associated with CHD.

Pregnancy with CHD requires a multidisciplinary approach involving obstetricians, cardiologists, and other healthcare professionals. By understanding the causes and treatment options, expectant mothers with CHD can receive the necessary support and care to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy for both themselves and their babies. Early detection, proper management, and specialized care are paramount in achieving positive outcomes in such pregnancies.

Dr. N Sapna Lulla Lead Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Aster CMI Hospital Bangalore

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