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THE CONSTITUTION OF GHANA
CHAPTER FOUR THE LAWS OF GHANA
(1) The laws of Ghana shall comprise-
(a) this Constitution;
(b) enactment made by or under the authority of the
Parliament established by this Constitution;
(c ) any Orders, Rules and Regulations made by any person or authority under a power conferred by this Constitutions;
(d) the existing law; and
(e) the common law.
(2) The common law of Ghana shall comprise the rules of law generally known as the common law, the rules generally known as the doctrines of equity and the rules of customary law including those determined by the Superior Court of Judicature.
(3) For the purposes of this article, “customary law” means the rules of law which by custom are applicable to particular communities in Ghana.
(4) The existing law shall, except as otherwise provided in clause (1) of this article, comprise the written and unwritten laws of Ghana as they existed immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution, and any Act, Decree, Law or statutory instrument issued or made before that date, which is to come into force on or after that date.
(5) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the existing law shall not be affected by the coming into force of this Constitution.
(6) The existing law shall be construed with any modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions necessary to bring it into conformity with the provisions of this Constitution, or otherwise to give effect to, or enable effect to be given to, any changes effected by this Constitution.
(7) Any Order, Rule or Regulation made by a person or authority under a power conferred by this Constitution or any other law shall-
(a) be laid before Parliament;
(b) be published in the Gazette on the day it is laid before
(c ) come into force at the expiration of twenty-one sitting days after being so laid unless Parliament, before the expiration of the twenty-one days, annuls the Order,
Rule or Regulation by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of Parliament.
CHAPTER 1 (THE CONSTITUTION) CHAPTER 2 (TERRITORIES OF GHANA) CHAPTER 3 (CITIZENSHIP) CHAPTER 4 (THE LAWS OF GHANA) CHAPTER 5 (FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHT AND FREEDOMS) CHAPTER 6 (THE DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY) CHAPTER 7 (REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE) CHAPTER 8 (THE EXECUTIVE) CHAPTER 9 (THE COUNCIL OF STATE) CHAPTER 10 (THE LEGISLATURE) CHAPTER 11 (THE JUDICIARY) CHAPTER 12 (FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE OF THE MEDIA) CHAPTER 13 (FINANCE) CHAPTER 14 (THE PUBLIC SERVICES) CHAPTER 15 (THE POLICE SERVICE) CHAPTER 16 (THE PRISONS SERVICE) CHAPTER 17 (THE ARMED FORCES OF GHANA) CHAPTER 18 (COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND ADMINISTRATIVE JUSTICE) CHAPTER 19 (NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR CIVIC EDUCATION) CHAPTER 20 (DECENTRALIZATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) CHAPTER 21 (LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCE) CHAPTER 22 (CHIEFTAINCY) CHAPTER 23 (COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY) CHAPTER 24 (CODE OF CONDUCT FOR PUBLIC OFFICERS) CHAPTER 25 (AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION) CHAPTER 26 (MISCELLANEOUS)