CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Land management includes the management of land as resource from both environmental and economic perspective towards sustainable development. Land and its good management are central to agrarian development, environmental security and rural governance in Africa and therefore for livelihoods and poverty reduction.
The value of land varies from one community to another. Customary land has cultural, religious and economic values and its proper management and administration is crucial to the government and the individuals as a whole, most especially in countries like Ghana where about 80% of land is customary land vested into stools, skins, families and individual group of peoples. This values attached to the customary land make it an important document in an African society. For these reasons customary land goes through several hands; ranging from the government institutions, traditional authorities and individuals along the chain of land delivery and management system.
Over the years, a number of problems have been encountered in the land delivery and management system. Solutions by many governments have been focused on the establishment of public institutions and promulgation of laws to govern land management rather than the traditional authorities. Litigation on land, which is a result of ignorant by some traditional landholders to keep records of lands that has
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